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Unformatted text preview: Quoting Quotations are used in the body paragraphs of your essay to support your topic idea and to provide evidence of the validity of your information. There are some conventions that you should follow to help you integrate the quotations into your writing successfully. 1. Dont Drag & Drop! At the bare minimum, a quotation should be introduced and not just left hanging by itself. Formula #1 In + Title, + Author + writes ___________ (page #). Example : In Champions, Sender writes that all heroes must be champions and all champions heroes (245). Formula #2 According to + Author + in Title, ____________ (page #). Example : According to Sender in Champions, all heroes must be champions and all champions heroes (245). Formula #3 Author + writes + in Title that ___________ (page #). Example : Sender writes in Champions that all heroes must be champions and all champions heroes (245). You can use a number of verbs in introducing a quote. Each of these possibilities conveys a different meaning. Make sure you choose one that most closely describes what the author actually does in the passage you quote. observes offers explains relates disputes wonders suggests analyzes states asserts says comments claims defends argues investigates tells us persuades contends ponders reviews asks points out justifies protests convinces proves 2. Make sure the quotation fits into your sentence. Quotations must fit into your sentences grammatically (see the three possibilities above). If you need to change words to make it happen, use [brackets] to indicate the change, not (parentheses). Incorrect : Smith argues convincingly, we have a responsibility to our children (99). Correct : Smith argues convincingly that we have a responsibility to our children (99). You can quote only a part of the original and include it in your own sentence: Example : Sender reports that Bobby was unsure how much real-life gunpowder it would take to kill them (244). If the quote does not fit grammatically or you would like to quote a bit more extensively, you can introduce a quote with a colon. Just be sure not to do this too often: Example: Sender talks about killing often in his article: Bobby wondered exactly the total amount of real-life gunpowder it would take to kill his enemies (244)....
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