Use_of_GIS_for_Health_Policy_Planning_11.2010[1]

Use_of_GIS_for_Health_Policy_Planning_11.2010[1] - The Use...

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Unformatted text preview: The Use of GIS for Health Policy and Planning Cyndy Scully San Francisco Department of Public Health Environmental Health Spatial Assessment Tools Page 1 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Spatial Data and Public Health Different types of spatial analysis methods to provide decision support for Program planning Risk Assessment Ecological Analysis Health Impact Assessment (HIA) Spatial Assessment Tools Page 2 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Connecting Health and Place HIA - a combination of procedures or methods by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to the effects it may have on the health of a population Spatial data in a HIA framework helped build evidence for healthy social policies Spatial Assessment Tools Page 3 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Ischemic Heart Disease Lung Disease Diabetes Transport Infrastructure Alcohol Racism Exercise Diet Stroke Liver Disease Poisonings Obesity Hypertension High Cholesterol Asthma Smoking Lack of Social Connectedness Violence Socio-Economic Drug Use Spatial Assessment Tools Page 4 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 HIA Framework Screening Scoping ASSESSMENT Reporting Monitoring Baseline Conditions Potential Health Impacts Inequities Spatial Assessment Tools Page 5 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Public Health and Spatial Data Social/Environmental/ Political Determinants Physical environment Where? Proximity? Adjacent? Social, demographics and economic factors Distribution Inequalities Spatial Assessment Tools Page 6 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 HIA Tools Healthy Development Measurement Healthy Development Measurement Tool Tool Pedestrian Environmental Quality Pedestrian Environmental Quality Index Index Air Quality Model Air Quality Model Noise Model Noise Model Pedestrian Collision Forecasting Model Retail Availability Food Survey Neighborhood Completeness Indicator Spatial Assessment Tools Page 7 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Healthy Development Measurement Tool What is it? The Healthy Development Measurement Tool (www.TheHDMT.org) is a comprehensive evaluation metric that supports the inclusion and consideration of health needs in urban land use plans and projects. Why did SFDPH create it? SFDPH developed the HDMT to systematically evaluate health impacts to improve the social, economic, and environmental conditions needed for a healthy city. Spatial Assessment Tools Page 8 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010 Organization Spatial Assessment Tools Page 9 San Francisco Department of Public Heath GIS and Public Health November 2010...
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Use_of_GIS_for_Health_Policy_Planning_11.2010[1] - The Use...

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