circulr_migrtn_MPI_pol_brf_Agunias_Newland-07[1] - Policy...

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APRIL 2007 Dovelyn Rannveig Agunias Kathleen Newland I.The Attraction of Circular Migration Portrayed as a “triple-win” solution to what was originally thought of as a zero-sum game, circular migration is high on the agenda of many policymakers in migrant-receiving countries, particularly in the West—despite the formidable challenges of successful implementation. The appeal of circular migration is not hard to see. It offers destination countries a steady supply of needed workers in both skilled and unskilled occupations, without the require- ments of long-term integration. Countries of origin can ben- efit from the inflow of remittances while migrants are abroad and their investments and skills upon return. The migrants are also thought to gain much, as the expansion of circular migration programs increases the opportunities for safer, legal migration from the developing world. Beyond its tangible benefits, however, the appeal of circular migration also stems from the fact that it reflects an impulse that is second nature to many if not most migrants. Studies have repeatedly pointed out that, contrary to popu- lar conceptions, many migrants, including members of the Diaspora, do want and intend to return to their countries of Circular Migration and Development: Trends, Policy Routes, and Ways Forward PROGRAM ON MIGRANTS, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENT Policy Brief Circular migration, the temporary or permanent return of migrants to their countries of origin, is high on the agen- da of many policymakers today. It is seen as offering benefits to countries of migrant origin, which can tap into the skills and resources of returning migrants; to destination countries, which can fill labor market needs with- out facing the full challenges of immi- grant integration; and to migrants themselves, who may take advantage of wider openings for legal migration. Both countries of origin and destina- tion can profit from the transnational economic ties forged by migrants who keep a foot in both countries. Despite its potential, successful circular migration is hard to achieve on the ground.The most common policy route to encourage circulation has been to ensure that migrants maintain ties with their countries of origin, by providing financial incentives to return or by enforcing strict measures to pre- vent their remaining permanently in destination countries. Experience from many countries shows that this conventional set of policies has not, and in all probability will not, work on its own. Effective circular migration arrangements call for policies that strengthen ties to coun- tries of both origin and destination.An environment that helps migrants to reach their goals—as manifested for instance by accumulated savings, newly acquired skills, and successful business ventures—is most likely to foster tem- porary or permanent return.
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course USP 480 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at S.F. State.

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circulr_migrtn_MPI_pol_brf_Agunias_Newland-07[1] - Policy...

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