Many individuals have assisted us on this project; we would especially like to thank the
The researchers and program administrators who nominated potential sites.
The on-site people we interviewed individually, in meetings and in focus groups who
shared their time, information, and insights with us.
Our advisory team members, Donald J. Baumann, Deborah Dennis, Linda Gibbs,
Jean L. Hochron, Mark Hurwitz, Natalie Hutcheson, Pam Michell, Pat Morgan, Ann
O’Rielly, and Robert A. Rosenheck, who have contributed their time, knowledge, and
Marina Myhre, our project Government Technical Representative from the U.S.
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), who has provided us with
helpful support, observations and thoughts throughout the study. Other HUD staff
members who have also provided acute comments on the projects research design,
data analysis and report include Paul Dornan, Marge Martin, and Kevin Neary from
the Office of Policy Development and Research, and Mark Johnston from the Office
of Community Planning and Development.
In addition, we would like to acknowledge the work completed by the following Walter R.
McDonald & Associates, Inc. staff: Deborah Bass Rubenstein was fully involved in the early
stages of this project, especially the research design and screening of sites; Charles Wheeler
assisted in the report review; Gayleen Lentsch was in charge of report production; Cheryl Reed
coordinated travel arrangements; Maricela Leyva-Perez and Jamie Vang provided administrative
We appreciate the significant contributions that the above individuals made to carrying out the
research and writing of this report, and they are not responsible for any remaining errors or
omissions. The findings and views herein are those of the contractors and authors.
The contents of this report are the views of the contractor and do not necessarily reflect the views
or policies of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or the U.S. Government.