geog_of_immgrnt_clustrs_Pamuk-04[1] - Volume 28.2 June 2004...

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Geography of Immigrant Clusters in Global Cities: A Case Study of San Francisco, 2000* AYSE PAMUK Introduction The ethnic geography of metropolitan regions connected to the world economy is exhibiting increasing complexity. During the past three decades, immigrant households became the prime demographic driver of housing demand in metropolitan areas like New York, Los Angeles and San Francisco, exacerbating the already tight housing markets in these areas. During the past five years in particular, Asians and Hispanics headed more than half of all new households in the US. The largest increase in household growth during this period was among Asian/ other households (23%) followed by Hispanic households (19%). Much of this growth was due to immigration from Asia and Latin America. In 2001, immigrants accounted for 64% of all Asian/other households and over half of Hispanic households in the US (Joint Center for Housing Studies, 2002: 9). These figures clearly show that understanding housing market dynamics, neighborhood change and housing choice behavior of households in major metropolitan areas would be incomplete without an analysis of housing conditions and the behavior of immigrants in these housing markets. Most academic studies on immigrant housing have focused on New York and Los Angeles (Schill et al ., 1998; Myers, 1999), leaving a surprising gap in the literature on housing conditions and behavior of immigrants in San Francisco. A few notable case studies on San Francisco have examined broader redevelopment issues and politics (Godfrey, 1988; 1997; DeLeon, 1992; Hartman, 2002), but not immigrant housing. The latest influx of immigrants into San Francisco in the 1990s brought rapid transformation to the city’s housing markets and neighborhoods, thus making it an excellent case study to test prevailing theories on the spatial distribution of immigrants in inner cities. Following a review of the literature concerned with ethnic clustering patterns, this article starts with a description of the methods, definitions and data sources used. Next, an analysis of the influence of immigration into US cities in general and San Francisco in particular is provided, and the powerful influence of globalization and its local wealth effects are discussed. Then, empirical evidence of ethnic clustering in San Francisco’s neighborhoods in 2000 is presented with a focus on Chinese, Mexican and Filipino clustering patterns. A comparative analysis of immigrant clusters on housing and neighborhood conditions follows. Finally, some consideration is given to how this evidence refines predominant models of spatial assimilation. Volume 28.2 June 2004 287-307 International Journal of Urban and Regional Research ß Joint Editors and Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2004. Published by Blackwell Publishing. 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK and 350 Main St, Malden, MA 02148, USA
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geog_of_immgrnt_clustrs_Pamuk-04[1] - Volume 28.2 June 2004...

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