migrtn_pov_pol_implctns_de_Haan_Yaqub-09[1]

migrtn_pov_pol_implctns_de_Haan_Yaqub-09[1] - Migration and...

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Migration and Poverty Linkages, Knowledge Gaps and Policy Implications Arjan de Haan and Shahin Yaqub Social Policy and Development Programme Paper Number 40 June 2009 United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
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This United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) Programme Paper has been produced with the support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the Institute for Futures Studies, Sweden. UNRISD also thanks the governments of Denmark, Mexico, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom for their core funding. Copyright © UNRISD. Short extracts from this publication may be reproduced unaltered without authorization on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to UNRISD, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland. UNRISD welcomes such applications. The designations employed in UNRISD publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNRISD con- cerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The responsibility for opinions expressed rests solely with the author(s), and publication does not constitute endorse- ment by UNRISD. ISSN 1020-8208
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Contents Acronyms ii Summary/Résumé/Resumen iii Summary iii Résumé iii Resumen iv Introduction 1 1. Migration Theories: Do They Help Understand Migration by the Poor? 2 2. Migration and Poverty: Evidence of Linkages 5 Who migrates? 5 Remittances 6 Do migration and remittances reduce inequality? 7 Impacts of migration 8 3. Children as (Independent) Migrants 10 4. Migration, Poverty and Social Policy 12 5. Conclusion 14 Bibliography 16 UNRISD Programme Papers on Social Policy and Development 21
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ii Acronyms AIDS acquired immunodefiency syndrome GDP gross domestic product HIV human immunodefiency virus ILO International Labour Organization IMF International Monetary Fund NGO non-governmental organization OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper UNCRC United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
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iii Summary/Résumé/Resumen Summary This paper explores the links between migration and poverty, and their implications for social policy. It argues that research on linkages between migration and poverty can, and should, start with knowledge about poverty itself: what it is, what causes it, what reduces it, poor people’s agency as well as constraints, and so on. Poverty research offers several established under- standings on the natures, structures and processes driving poverty, and these should be central to how the issues are framed in migration research and policy. Much of the migration of the poor is not seriously recognized, and nor are major categories of the poorest migrants, some of
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migrtn_pov_pol_implctns_de_Haan_Yaqub-09[1] - Migration and...

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