History Paper[1]

History Paper[1] - Acoma Pueblo Indians in New Mexico Elyse...

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Acoma Pueblo Indians in New Mexico Elyse Garren Acoma Pueblo
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Dear Governor , New Mexico has a rich history in the existence of its people and their individual cultures . There have been various groups of people that occupy the state. Among those various groups is the Pueblo Indians . There are 19 different tribes of Pueblo Indians. The Acoma Pueblo are one of the different tribes . The Acoma Pueblo’s land currently located 60 miles west of Albuquerque on Interstate 40 . Currently there are about 6,000 members but only 4,800 living on the reservation . The land is located on top of a mesa that is 300 feet high. 1 The Acoma Pueblo are a very private group of people that became this way because of the cruelties and invasion of the Spanish , this caused them to not welcome new settlers and to stick to their traditional ways and finally open up their land to tourist around 1960 . The Spanish people were the Acoma Pueblo’s first interaction with foreign settlers . Spanish Priests were the primary people that traveled to the different tribes trying to spread Catholicism . When the Spanish first arrived in New Mexico they were seeking to conquer the lands . The Acoma Pueblo were resistant to the ways of the Spaniards and their process of conversion to Catholicism . They did not like how the Spaniards tried to change their religious practices . One example of early resistance to the Spanish ways was the Acoma built a trap on one of the roads that led to their city . Captain Villagra, of the Spanish armada, was traveling alone one day back to the city of Acoma and the weather got bad and started snowing . Earlier 1 “Acoma Indian Reservation.” Native American Indian Tribes of the US. Available from http://www.aaanativearts.com/native-americans/indian-reservations-a-z/american-indian-reservations-a-c/66-acoma- indian-reservation.html. 2
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that day some of the Acoma men built a trench and filled it with sharp sticks . The trench was soon covered by snow and when Villagra rode over it he fell in . He died a couple days later . 2 Another example of the Acoma resistance was the Pueblo Revolt that occurred in 1680 . There was no main event or significant harsh punishment that caused the revolt to happen . There were many different events that led up to this revolt . Some examples of event are cruel religious punishment and the famine . The Pueblo’s main reason for revolting was to save their religion. When the Spanish tried to change their religion they attacked their way of life . 3 In 1800 the Acoma had a set way of life . The population was about 700 people. The agriculture consisted of pinto beans , maize (corn), and broad beans. There was very little raising of animals at the time because all of the raids that would happen between the various tribes . The most common tribes that would raid the Acoma were the Laguna and the Apaches . The main raw materials that they had were wool which allowed them to make jackets and they also make mantas which the women used to make wraps
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course HIST 301 taught by Professor Dr.larkin during the Spring '11 term at Oklahoma State.

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History Paper[1] - Acoma Pueblo Indians in New Mexico Elyse...

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