1st midterm study guide

1st midterm study guide - Passages: Plato Apology o...

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Passages: Plato Apology o Socrates accused of corrupting the youth and atheism. o Claimed to know nothing Tested it by Socratic method on politicians, poets and craftmen o Called himself the wisest of all men merely because he knows that he knows nothing o Socratic method on his chief accuser melatus and finds out he does not even know what he is accusing him of. o Chooses death as a sentence because he knows that he does not know anything and one cannot be afraid of something that one does not know, so he chooses death courageously. o Death symbolizes that truth and justice don’t go hand in hand because the truth did not lead to his justice. Governed by opinions and thoughts rather than their knowledge. o Socrates a Gadfly that stings society and the government with criticism, spurring them into action. Letter 7 o Oligarchy is unjust if Socrates was put to death o Confirms that all possible Greek forms of government would be corrupt because the only governmental leaders who were fit to govern were the Philosophers—who would never choose to govern. This is because they govern based on reason and knowledge, not based on opinions and thoughts—like the political leaders. o In letter 7, Plato leads into the Republic… Republic o Lecture - Book 9 In Book 9 of the Republic, Plato discusses his ideal city— Kallipolis. Kallipolis can only exist in the sky, or the soul. Aka it cannot exist in real life This is because philosopher kings would rule but they would only rule where they feel comfortable so that they can be allegiate to it. o Lecture - Book 3 Ignornce is bliss—lower class Educated upper class Mixing of the metals is bad as everyone has a job that they are born into and if they mess with that they will mess with the order of society. So testing children to see where they fit is very important Only the wealthy should be educated so they can rule, everyone else needs to merely know their jobs. ORDER OF HIERARCHY First class
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o Rulers selected from the warriors Second class o Warriors Third class o Everyone else (workman and craftsmen, etc) the peasants or serfs Any intermixing creates CHAOS—why Socrates does NOT like Democracy Common good flourishes only in an unequal society. o Book 8 Timocracy Spirited man driven by honor. War hungry and conquering. Son of the spirited man subconsciously has a slight appetite for wealth which transitions to Oligarchy Oligarchy Man driven by his appetite for necessary needs City divided between rich and poor Ruled by people who aren’t fit to rule, cannot fight anymore because different aims of the classes As the son of the oligarchy is raised, he begins to have an appetite for unnecessary items such as money and as a result fighting starts as the poor uprise… transitioning into democracy Democracy
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course POLI SCI 10 taught by Professor Sissa during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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1st midterm study guide - Passages: Plato Apology o...

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