FINAL REVIEW

FINAL REVIEW - REVIEW Freud Human beings are pleasure...

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REVIEW Freud Human beings are pleasure seeking: sexually inclined and naturally aggressive Every human child restarts the history of civilization: from incest and murder, to education and self-control The pleasure principle guides human life, but it has to become a reality principle: calculus of the consequences of pleasure, avoidance of pain Civilization is based on the pursuit of happiness, but in its realistic version The basic drives sex and violence, are inhibited, hence: discontent! The essence of civiliation P 42 The replacement of the power of the individual by the power of a community…. .whereas the individual knew no such restrictions.” The first requisite of civilization is justice A twofold foundation: work and love Civilisation and its Discontent p 40 The communal life of human beings had, therefore, a twofold foundation: …..eros and ananke (love and necessity) have become the partents of human civilization too. The first result of civilization… The communist illusion Civilization and its discontent p 59-60 “The communists believe that they have found the path to deliverance from our evils according to them, man is wholly good and is well-disposed to his neighbour, but the institution of private property has corrupted his nature… freud rejects saying that aggressiveness is in the nature of human beings Marx the German Ideology ch 4 “in communist society, where nobody has one exclusive sphere of activity but each can become accomplished in any branch he wishes, society regulates the general production and thus makes it possible for me to do one thing today and another tomorrow, to hunt in the morning, fish in the afternoon, rear cattle in the eveng… human beings don’t function like this EVER with freud Bentham ch I, 1 “nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure it is for them alone to point out what we ought to to…. Utility bentham, ch 1, sect 3
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by utility is meant that property in any object, whereby it tends to produce benefit, advantage, pleasure, good, or happiness, (all this in the present case comes to the same thing) or (what comes again to the same thing) to prevent the happening of mischief, pain, evil, or unhappiness to the party whose interest is considered: o if that part be the community in general, then the happiness of the community: if a particular individual, then the happiness of that individual Pleasure/Pain: a self-evident principle Utilitarianism is altruistic selfishness Because of the “greatest felicity principle” Utilitarianism is a non moralistic morality I make decisions neither on behalf of a God or his human minister,
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course POLI SCI 50 taught by Professor Lofchie during the Spring '11 term at UCLA.

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FINAL REVIEW - REVIEW Freud Human beings are pleasure...

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