Lecture 2 – Education as a Social Institution

Lecture 2 – Education as a Social...

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20:08 Strucutre (Social Structure) – the parts of society and how they fit together.  Larger than class race, etc. Institutions – things that have a major significance in the social structure Economy Family Inequality – difference among people—money, etc. 2 opposing theories o Culture of poverty The view that the poor are qualitatively different in values and lifestyles  from the rest of society and that these cultural difference explain their  poverty. o Competitive individualism The way to be successful is to work hard, strive for goals and compete.  Individual equl opportunity is assumed. Must truly believe in this for it to work as a model. Positive functions of education Provides a new generation with the knowledge and skills necessary to  maintain society Teach cognitive skills and overcome family backgrounds Overall, schools can and do make a big difference Hidden School Curriculum Students are taught to follow rules and orders To be quiet To please people in authority Learn to fit in (to conform) Immigrant children—acculturation Conform to mass cultural identities Structural Functionalist View Schools also function to promote social mobility for some, especially because  of the reliance of modern industry on highly educated workers. Schools function to foster national unity through the teaching of patriotism and 
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Jepsen during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 2 – Education as a Social...

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