Mass Lecture Review for Midterm

Mass Lecture Review for Midterm - MassReviewforMidterm 05:53

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Mass Review for Midterm 05:53 SOCIAL CLASS AND POVERTY Inequality – difference among people—money, etc. 2 opposing theories o Culture of poverty The view that the poor are qualitatively different in values and lifestyles  from the rest of society and that these cultural difference explain their  poverty. o Competitive individualism The way to be successful is to work hard, strive for goals and compete.  Individual equal opportunity is assumed. Must truly believe in this for it to work as a model. Hidden School Curriculum Students are taught to follow rules and orders To be quiet To please people in authority Learn to fit in (to conform) Immigrant children—acculturation Conform to mass cultural identities Structural Functionalist View Schools also function to promote social mobility for some, especially because  of the reliance of modern industry on highly educated workers. Schools function to foster national unity through the teaching of patriotism and  teaching history from a nationalistic point of view US and Japan
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Latent function of schooling  is to offer custodial care of children.  As more women have entered the labor  market, this function has grown in importance. Another latent function is keeping the young out of the job market. Median Income and education High school o 29,700 white, 24600 black, 23000 latino some college o 35000 white, 28300 black, 29000 latino bachelors degree or more o 51900 white, 40700 black, 41200 latino Jonathon Kozol Poor children have o Overcrowded classrooms o Less quality teachers o Deteriorated school buildings o Not enough counselors and nurses o Often libraries, no gyms, or playgrounds o Lack of AP classes or “gifted” programs o Not enough seats, text books, or computers o Denial of “the means of competition” Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore
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Stratification is a functional necessity and a source of social order. Societies insure that the most important positions are conscientiously filled by  the most qualified persons Why different positions carry different degrees of prestige? Motivate people to fill certain positions: rewards (money, prestige) Motivate people to perform the duties Critical response to Davis and Moore by Melvin Tumin (255) Social stratification systems (SSS) functions to limit the discovery of the full  range of talent SSS provides elite with the political power necessary that rationalizes the  status quo as logical and natural SSS limits social integration by encouraging hostility and distrust More limitations of Structural Functionalist theory
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Mass Lecture Review for Midterm - MassReviewforMidterm 05:53

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