Week 2 reading summaries

Week 2 reading summaries - ArticleArguements 05:59 Ch.23:...

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Article Arguements 05:59 Ch. 23: Some Principles of Stratification Davis and moore argue that not only are all societies stratified, but that  stratification is a functional necessity. Tumin argued back saying that social stratification may be dysfunctional to  society 2 determinants of Positional rank o functional importance: positions that are less important need to be filled  more easily than the higher ones as the forces the people who are higher  ranked or more gifted to the top, more difficult positions to get.  Easily filled  positions do not need to be as rewarded o Scarcity of personnel: higher positions must be highly competitive as it will  attract the higher skills in competition with other positions. “The position must be high in social scale—must command a great  prestige, high salary, ample leisure, and the like.” Persons qualifications come from inherent capacity or through training MELVIN TUMIN RESPONSE o Society has the ability to offer other rewards or incentives for hard work. o This idea of inquality in society is ancient and tyrannical. o “And the more rigidly stratified a society is, the less chance does that  society have of discovering any new facts about the talents of its  members.” o Social stratification systems function to limit the possibility of discovery of  the full range of talent available in a society. Results in unequal access to  appropriate motivation, channels of recruitment, and centers of training. o Limit the possibility of expanding the productive resources of the society,  at least relative to what might be the case under conditions of greater  equality of opportunity o Supply the elite while not supplying the poor o Limit social integration o They motivate inequality Ch. 24: Who Rules America? “Domhoff argues not only that there is a cohesive upper class in the US, but 
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Jepsen during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Week 2 reading summaries - ArticleArguements 05:59 Ch.23:...

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