Ch3a - 9/13/2011 PSYC2313:001:PsychologyandHumanProblems

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9/13/2011 1 PSYC 2313:001: Psychology and Human Problems ± Stress is “any circumstances that threaten or are perceived to threaten one’s well being and thereby tax one’s coping abilities”. ± characteristics. Stress is a common, everyday event. Both major and minor problems can be stressful. Even daily “hassles” can have negative effects on our well being. Stressful events have a cumulative impact.
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9/13/2011 2 ± Stress is subjective. Not everyone feels the same degree of stress from the same event. ± Primary appraisal : initial evaluation of the relevance, level of threat, and degree of stress the event brings. ± Secondary appraisal : an evaluation of our ability to cope. Figure 3.2 Primary and secondary appraisal of stress . Primary appraisal is an initial evaluation of whether an event is (1) irrelevant to you, (2) relevant, but not threatening, or (3) stressful.When you view an event as stressful, you are likely to make a secondary appraisal , which is an evaluation of your coping resources and options for dealing with the stress. (Based on Lazarus & Folkman, 1994) ± Ambient stress – refers to chronic negative conditions embedded in the environment.
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9/13/2011 3 ± Stress is influenced by culture. ± Culture affects which types of stress we experience. ± Cultural change is a major source of stress in most cultures. Stress and its Effects ± There are three basic categories ± Acute stressors –“threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint”.
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course PSYC 2313 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Oklahoma State.

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Ch3a - 9/13/2011 PSYC2313:001:PsychologyandHumanProblems

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