MAN_6245_Ford_Class_4_OB - MAN 6245 Organizational Behavior...

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1 MAN 6245: Organizational Behavior and Development Chapters 3&4
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2 Questions
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Personality Definition Personality definition Structures and propensities inside a person that explain his or her characteristic patterns of thought, emotion, and behavior. Personality is stable over time Personality captures what people are generally like 3
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Quick Comic 4
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5 Personality Inventories Personality inventories Meant to assess enduring dispositional qualities of applicants Two major types Projective measures Rorschach inkblot test, Thematic apperception test (TAT) Descriptive measures Big five
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6 Rorschach Example 1
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7 Rorschach Example 2
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8 TAT Example 1
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9 TAT Example 2
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Big 5 Test 10
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Big 5 scoring Extraversion =1,6R,11,16,21R,26,31R,36 Agreeableness=2R,7,12R,17,22,27R,32,37R,42 Conscientiousness =3,8R,13,18R,23R,28,33,38,43R Neuroticism= 4,9R,14,19,24R,29,34R,39 Openness=5,10,15,20,25,30,35R,40,41R,44 Calculate average score for each factor 11
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Big 5 Personality Traits 12
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Personality Big 5 – which is best? Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional stability Openness to experience 13
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Locus of control Internal – attributes outcomes to own abilities, efforts External – attributes outcomes to environmental causes such as luck or fate Implications for work behavior, attitude, and beliefs about rewards 14
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Attitudes Learned predisposition to respond in a consistently favorable or unfavorable manner with respect to a specific object Different from values (global vs. specific) 15
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Values Definition Values definition Conceptions of the desirable that guide the way individuals select actions, evaluate people and events, and explain their actions and evaluations. Values represent the good, right, and desirable way to be. 16
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Hofstede’s Cultural Values Power distance Power distance Expectations of social inequality, status differences Expectations of social inequality, status differences Individualism-collectivism Individualism-collectivism Focus on individual vs. group (how tight are the social bonds?) Focus on individual vs. group (how tight are the social bonds?) Masculinity-femininity Masculinity-femininity Expression of competitive or nurturing traits. Material goods vs.
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