Vitamins and Minerals Outline.docx - Vitamins and Minerals FDA.gov CDC.gov Harrison\u2019s Principles of Internal Medicine 19e Krinsky\u2019s Handbook of

Vitamins and Minerals Outline.docx - Vitamins and Minerals...

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Vitamins and Minerals FDA.gov; CDC.gov; Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine 19e; Krinsky’s Handbook of Non-Prescription Drugs 17e. Vitamins and minerals are necessary for life to continue and for physiological processes to proceed, and as humans, we get most of what we need through food . However, sometimes there are deficiency that cause ill health. Diagnosable changes in vitamin levels in the body may be due to: 1. malnutrition – bad diet (need carbs, protein, little bit of fat, grains) 2. malabsorption – bad absorptions. Or, and life style alcoholism, smocking, exercise 3. disease processes – liver disease we can’t abs (genetically can’t abs food like in liver disease) 4. secondary to lifestyle – alcoholism, exercise ((loss of electrolytes), smoking Some diagnoses are related to specific vitamin deficiencies or toxicities. 1. anemia – iron and vit C present the same way in deficiency. a. Iron/vitC deficiency presents as fatigue and weakness, pallor ( pale appearance) , chest pain, tachycardia, brittle nails, unusual cravings/Pica, inflamed tongue b. Pernicious anemia B12(Cyanocobalamin) presents as weakness, HA, chest pain, weight loss, gait changes, memory loss, depression, N/V/C, heartburn c. Megaloblastic anima (folic acid B9) presents as fatigue, HA, pallor, sores in mouth 2. scurvy: lack of vit C: presenting as malaise, lethargy, loss of teeth , spots on skin, slow wound healing, death.
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  • Spring '18
  • Vitamin, Folic acid, liver disease

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