Chapter5 - A nxiety Disorders I. Manifestations of Anxiety...

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Anxiety Disorders I. Manifestations of Anxiety Anxiety is an unpleasant, global, unfocused feeling which is manifested in three ways: Cognitively: in a person’s thoughts Behaviorally: in a person’s actions Somatically: in physiological or biological reactions (high blood pressure, sweating) Anxiety may be mild, moderate, or severe. DSM-IV classifies anxiety disorders as follows: (*know) Generalized Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorders Phobias Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Anxiety is the major factor in all the above disorders. II. Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 1. Panic Disorder Symptoms : Severe and frightening episodes of apprehension (fear), feelings of impending doom.
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Free floating anxiety (anxiety is everywhere/everything/anything) with anxiety attacks, which are recurrent accompanied by sweating, choking (think they can’t breathe), etc. May accompany agoraphobia (fear of open spaces like a stadium). 2. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Symptoms : Persistent high levels of anxiety and excessive worry. Physiological problems such as heart palpitation. Cognitive problems involving worry and apprehension. 3. Etiology of Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Psychoanalytic Perspective- Internal conflicts between id and superego. Threat of forbidden impulses cause unconscious anxiety. Behavioral and Cognitive Perspectives Anxiety is a learned response to a stimulus. Panic attacks may begin with anxiety provoking thoughts. Cognition can influence somatic symptoms. Biogenic Perspective –
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Chapter5 - A nxiety Disorders I. Manifestations of Anxiety...

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