Chapter 9 - Chapter 9 Classification of Drugs(Substances 1...

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Chapter 9 Classification of Drugs (Substances) 1. Stimulants (uppers) – These drugs (substances) Stimulate Central Nervous System or Brain Centers Amphetamines (Benzedrine, Methedrine and Dexedribe) – Known as “pep pills” Cocaine and Crack – Caffeine, Nicotine Anti-Depressants – Prozac 2. Depressants (Downers) – These Drigs (Substances) Depress Central Nervous System or Brain Centers Ethyl Alcohol (Ethonol) Anti-Anxiety Drugs – Benzodiazepines (valium or Livrium) Buspar, Xanax and many others. Also know as minor tranquilizers . Anti-Psychotic Drugs (aka Major Tranquilizers ) Phenothyazines (Thorazine and Stellazine ) – Haldol and many others. 3. Barbiturates (sleeping substances) Depressants of Central Nervous System – Sleep inducing angents Seconal, Luminal, and Sodium Amythol and Pentothal (used in executions) 4. Opium and its Durivatives (Narcotics) Opiates – Morphine, Heroin and others. 5. Hallucinogens (Mind Altering Drigs) Marijuana (Cannabis sativa plant); LSD, Phencyclidine (PCP) and many others. Substance Related Disorders I. Definition of Terms Substance – Any agent that disrupts the psychological or physical balance of the individual over the beyond what is expected of food and drink. Substance-Related Disorders – Maladaptive behavior associated with substance use. Substance Abuse – A maladaptive pattern of excessive use leading to notable impairment or distress in thinking, feeling and behavior.
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Substance -Induced Cognitive Disorder – Direct, acute (short term) or chronic (long term) effects of such substances on Central Nervous System (CNS) Substance Dependence – Inability to cut down or control use, using much activity to obtain substance.
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