Chapter 5 - Chap05 MACROEVOLUTION Processes of Principles...

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Chap05 MACROEVOLUTION Processes of… Principles of Classification Classification Ordering organisms into categories Homologies Similarities based on descent from common ancestor Analogies Similarities based on common function (not descent) Classification and Evolutionary Relationships Evolutionary Systematics Ancestors and descendants traced in time by analysis of homologous (derived) characteristics Cladistics Based solely on analysis of certain homologous characters (groups) Ancestral Characters inherited by a group from remote ancestor Derived Characters modified from ancestral condition Diagnostic of particular lineages
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Phylogenetic Tree Chart showing evolutionary relationships Shows time Implies ancestor-descendant relationship Cladogram Chart showing evolutionary relationships Determined by cladistic analysis No time component Does not imply ancestor-descendant relationship --Definition of Species Biological Species Concept
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO ANT 2511 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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Chapter 5 - Chap05 MACROEVOLUTION Processes of Principles...

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