Test 1 Review - Ant2511 Fall 2011 Chapters 1-5 Test 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Ant2511 Fall 2011 Chapters 1-5 Test 1 material Chap 01 ANTHROPOLOGY Skip introduction. Start with What is Anthropology? What is Anthropology Anthropology - study of humankind Subfields 1) Cultural (or social) anthropology 2) Archaeology 3) Physical (or biological) anthropology 4) Linguistics *) Applied anthropology includes all Cultural Anthropology Or social anthropology Studies all aspects of human behavior Ethnography Ethnographers describes one particular group Ethnology - compares numerous cultures Applied Anthropology Subfields have practical applications 1 Includes Cultural, Archaeology, Physical Archaeology Studies and interprets material remains Linguistic Anthropology This field studies human speech and language. Physical Anthropology The study of human biology within the framework of evolution. And the interaction between biology and culture Several subfields in Physical Anthropology Paleoanthropology Study of human evolution As evidenced by fossil record Primatology: Study of nonhuman primates Osteology: Studies skeletons Often focuses on past groups. Paleopathology Subdivision of osteology 2 Study of disease and injury of human skeletal remains Forensic anthropology Applying anthropology to legal matters Often identify skeletal remains Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method Science process of explaining and understanding phenomena through observations and experimentation. Involves an empirical approach Empirical relying on experiment or observation Scientific Method Biological anthropologist do scientific research and must adhere to the scientific method Scientific method of Research A) Problem is identified B) Hypothesis (provisional explanation) is tested through 1) collection of data (facts scientific information) 2) analysis of data 3 C) If hypothesis is verified, it becomes a theory Theory broad statement of scientific relationships or principles that has been at least partially verified through rigorous testing Scientific methodology is an exercise in rational thought and critical thinking Critical Thinking Development of critical thinking skills is an important and lasting benefit Skills enable people to: Evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information The Anthropological Perspective Stresses that human beings can only be understood by broadening our perspective over 1) space 2) time Perspective helps avoid ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism View other cultures from bias perspective of ones own culture Relativistic View Cultures have merits within their own historic and environmental context 4 Chap 02: THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY Introduction Today evolutionary theory stands as the most fundamental unifying force in biological sciences The Theory of Evolution Verified through accumulated evidence...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course ANTHROPOLO ANT 2511 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '11 term at University of Central Florida.

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Test 1 Review - Ant2511 Fall 2011 Chapters 1-5 Test 1...

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