Unit 2 Hist of Am Ed 2 - 9/23/11 History of American...

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Unformatted text preview: 9/23/11 History of American Education Unit II Roots of Education in the United States 9/23/11 Part I: Ancient Era  A. Greek: Whole ChildBecome Effective Citizens  1. Socratesknowledge is virtue  2. Platoideal/universal concepts & truth  3. Aristotle realityKey Figure in Education Purpose of Education:  Intellectual 9/23/11 Ancient Era  B. Roman : classic liberal arts education 1. Male Child taught by wealthy father few females 2. Greek way was absorbed by 9/23/11 Ancient Era Key Figures in Education Quintilian: empirical/concern for individual differences/make learning interesting/psychology of education Vespasian: established graduate education/eventually law, medicine/architecture/ 9/23/11 Questions Still Debated Today A. Purpose of Education? Knowledge Moral Virtue Job Preparation B. Who Controls Education? State 9/23/11 Part II European Middle Ages 400 A.D.-1300 A.D.  A. Dark Ages Church/State:  Control of the church  Superstitions  Limited to church & wealthy 9/23/11 European Middle Ages  Key Figure in Determining Education Curriculum in Europe:  A. Alcuin7 liberal arts curriculum  Charlemagne the Conqueror wanted to establish what regional rulers under his command needed to know to govern  Catholic Church still dominated all of society  Charlemagne had himself crowned by Catholic Pope 9/23/11 European Middle Ages  B. Revival of Learning Era rediscovering the Roman and Greek writings  Key Figure: C. Thomas Aquinas Catholic scholar use reason to seek will of God Harmonized doctrines of the church with philosophy & education Opened the European education to a broader curriculum 9/23/11 European Middle Ages  C. Universities:  Oxford 1206 Less Influence of the Catholic Church Greek and Roman Writings Studies 9/23/11 Part III European Renaissance  Humanistic scholars  Classical Studies  Moral Learning  Child Development 9/23/11 Part IV European Reformation  A. Martin Luther: Northern Europe  1. Right of Individual to read and interpret the bible for HIM/HERSELF  2. Education for both sexes  3. Education for all classes 9/23/11 European Reformation  B. Ignatius of Loyola  Catholic Priest  1. Jesuit Teacher Training  2. Counteract Reformation  3. Trained Jesuits were sent to all Spanish colonies 9/23/11 Part V. European Modern Period (1700s)  A. Age of Reason intellectual revolt again superstition and ignorance  Universities began to influence students 9/23/11 Part V. European Modern Part V....
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Unit 2 Hist of Am Ed 2 - 9/23/11 History of American...

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