ch02 - Chapter 2: Psychology As a Science RESEARCH METHODS...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2: Psychology As a Science RESEARCH METHODS Chapter Outline 1. What is a Science? 2. Is Psychology Really a Science? 3. How Do Psychologists Conduct Research? 4. How Do Psychologists Make Sense of Research Results? 5. What Ethical Research Guidelines Do Psychologists Follow? What is Science? 2 Core Beliefs of Science 1) The universe operates according to certain natural laws. 2) Such laws are discoverable and testable . The scientific method uses Inductive and Deductive reasoning Hypothetical deductive reasoning Inductive and Deductive Reasoning General Specific General Deductive Reasoning: Using general principles to apply to a specific situation. Inductive Reasoning: Using specific examples to make general conclusions. The Steps in the Scientific Method Is Psychology a Real Science? Psychology- Using the scientific method to study human behavior and mental processes. Pseudopsychology- No use of the scientific method when commenting on human behavior and mental processes. Examples: parapsychology, astrology, etc. How do Psychologists Conduct Research? Two parts to a study Independent Variable (IV)- the variable that you manipulate. Dependent Variable (DV)- the variable that you measure (or the variable that is changed by the IV). In Class Practice: What is the IV and DV in each experiment? 1) Dr. Smith examines daily exposure to a sun lamp (1 hour of exposure or no exposure) impacts peoples depression levels in the winter time. 2) Does age of child (4, 5, or 6) influence when children can learn to read?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course PSY 1103 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Oklahoma.

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ch02 - Chapter 2: Psychology As a Science RESEARCH METHODS...

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