ch08 - Memory Chapter8 LectureOutline 1 2 3 4 5 6 7...

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Memory Chapter 8
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Lecture Outline 1. What is memory? 2. How do we encode information into memory? 3. How do we store memories? 4. How do we retrieve memories? 5. Why do we forget? 6. Memory and the brain 7. Memory disorders
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1) What is memory? Retaining learned information or past events.
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Memory Overview: Memory involves three processes: Encoding : putting information into a form the brain can  understand. Storage : process of storing memories in the brain. Retrieval : recovering stored memories.
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Memory Overview Continued… Two Theories of How Memory Works 1)  Parallel Distributing Theory-  memories are  stored as part of a large integrated web of  information. 
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Parallel Distributing Model This web of memories is similar to how neurons form networks in our brain
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2)  Information Processing Theory      - Memory is similar to a computer      - Three stage Model of Memory
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Three Stage Model of Memory 1)  Information enters our…     Sensory Memory  –  which   holds                           everything we see (iconic), hear (echoic),               taste, touch, and smell for a few seconds or              less. 2)  If we pay attention, it enters our …. Working Memory  -holds information for 30  seconds. 3) If we encode the information, it enters our… Long Term Memory  – stores information  forever.
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Demonstration of Sperling’s  Test of Sensory Memory X B D F M P Z G L C N H
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   Working Memory-  Information you are thinking about  right NOW including:  recalled memories day dreaming problems you are currently solving  what you are reading
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ch08 - Memory Chapter8 LectureOutline 1 2 3 4 5 6 7...

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