ch13 - Personality Chapter 13 Chapter Outline 1 Historic...

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Unformatted text preview: Personality Chapter 13 Chapter Outline 1. Historic Perspectives on Personality 2. Personality Today: Traits versus Situations 3. Biological Foundations of Personality 4. Personality: How We Differ 5. Personality Disorders: When Things Go Wrong 6. Personality Assessment Defining Personality An individual’s unique characteristics & relatively consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, or behaving. 1) Historic Perspectives on Personality Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory Other Psychodynamic Theories Humanistic Theories Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory Freud would hypnotize his patients and encourage them to talk freely. Based on his clinical practice (seeing patients), he decided that people are influenced by their “unconscious.” Developed Psychoanalysis- Type of therapy based on his theory of discovering one’s unconscious. Psychoanalytic Theory Conscious- whatever we are thinking about at any given moment. Preconscious – holds memories or feelings that we aren’t consciously thinking about, but can be brought to consciousness. Unconscious- holds memories or feelings that are so unpleasant or anxiety provoking that they are repressed. Personality Structure Unconscious mind Id – (Devil)  Tries to seek pleasure and avoid pain.  Primal instincts: Sex (libido), Food, Aggression Ego – (Referee)  Logical, rational, realistic part of the personality. Superego – (Angel)  Moral component of the personality. Psychosexual Stages During each stage, the id’s pleasure seeking tendencies focused on one area of the body. Must resolve issues of each stage before moving on to subsequent stage. Failure to resolve conflicts may result in becoming fixated at that stage. Psychosexual Stages 5 Stages of Psychosexual Development 1. Oral: *0–18 months, pleasure derived through oral satisfaction. Sucking on a bottle 1. Anal: 18 mos–3 years, area of pleasure is focused on the anal region. Going to the bathroom 1. Phallic: 3–6 years, boys seek genital stimulation Odepus Complex- boys want to marry their mothers and kill their fathers. 1. Latency: Sexual latency period where kids don’t have any sexual feelings. 2. Genital: At puberty, latency gives way to experiencing sexual attraction to opposite sex. Defense Mechanisms Defense mechanisms – unconscious tactics to protect us from anxiety and internal conflict Repression  Keeps unpleasant thoughts buried deeply in unconscious mind Denial  Refusal to acknowledge an existing situation Defense Mechanisms Evaluating Freud...
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  • Fall '08
  • ANDERSON
  • personality assessment, unconscious personality styles, Personality                          Chapter

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ch13 - Personality Chapter 13 Chapter Outline 1 Historic...

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