ch14 - Social Psychology Chapter 14 Chapter Outline 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Psychology Chapter 14 Chapter Outline 1. Social Cognition: Attitudes 2. Social Cognition: Attributions 3. Social Forces 4. Social Relations 5. Social Functioning: W hat Happens in the Brain 6. Disorders of Social Functioning Social Psychology Study of how the presence of others influences our thoughts, feelings, and actions. “Just like a fish doesn’t know it’s in water, we are largely unaware of the strong impact cultural and social factors have on all of our behaviors.“, (Huffman, 2007, p. 590). Social Cognition Social Cognition – How people perceive, interpret, and categorize their own and others’ social behavior. Attitudes – Relatively stable and long-lasting evaluations of things and people. Attributions – Explanations we develop to explain other people’s behavior. Attitudes Attitudes – ABC model of attitudes The affective component—how we feel toward the object. The behavioral component—how we behave toward the object. The cognitive component—what we believe about the object. Attitudes Attitudes How We Develop Beliefs develop early through socialization by parents, peers, media, and teachers How Do Attitudes Change? Attitudes can change to justify new behaviors.  Example- You recycle so you change your attitude about global warming to justify why you recycle. How Do Attitudes Change Cognitive dissonance – Emotional discomfort as a result of holding contradictory beliefs or behaving in contradictory ways.  We change our beliefs to justify (or match) our actions. Self-perception theory – When uncertain, we observe our own behavior and infer what our attitudes are Do Attitudes Influence Behavior? Can we predict a person’s behavior if we know their attitudes? Why or why not? Are People Honest about Their Attitudes? • Would you tell the truth if • your doctor asked you how much alcohol you consume each month?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course PSY 1103 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Oklahoma.

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ch14 - Social Psychology Chapter 14 Chapter Outline 1...

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