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ch14 - SocialPsychology Chapter14 ChapterOutline 1...

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Social Psychology Chapter 14
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Chapter   Outline 1. Social Cognition: Attitudes 2. Social Cognition: Attributions 3. Social Forces 4. Social Relations 5. Social Functioning: W hat Happens in the Brain 6. Disorders of Social Functioning
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Social Psychology Study of how the presence of others influences our  thoughts, feelings, and actions.      “Just like a fish doesn’t know it’s in water, we are  largely unaware of the strong impact cultural and  social factors have on all of our behaviors.“,   (Huffman, 2007, p. 590).
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Social Cognition Social Cognition  – How people perceive, interpret,  and categorize their own and others’ social behavior. Attitudes  – Relatively stable and long-lasting evaluations of  things and people. Attributions  – Explanations we develop to explain other  people’s behavior.
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Attitudes Attitudes  –  ABC model of attitudes   The  affective  component—how we feel toward the object. The  behavioral  component—how we behave toward the object. The  cognitive  component—what we believe about the object.
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Attitudes Attitudes   How We Develop Beliefs develop early through socialization by parents, peers,  media, and teachers How Do Attitudes Change? Attitudes can change to justify new behaviors. Example- You recycle so you change your attitude about global  warming to justify why you recycle.
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How Do Attitudes Change Cognitive dissonance  – Emotional discomfort as a  result of holding contradictory beliefs or behaving in  contradictory ways. We change our beliefs to justify (or match) our actions. Self-perception theory  – When uncertain, we  observe our own behavior and infer what our  attitudes are
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Do Attitudes Influence Behavior? Can we predict a person’s  behavior if we know their  attitudes? Why or why not?
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Are People Honest about Their Attitudes? Would you tell the truth if  your doctor asked you how  much alcohol you consume  each month?
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