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ch15 - Stress Coping and Health Chapter 15 Chapter Outline...

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Unformatted text preview: Stress, Coping, and Health Chapter 15 Chapter Outline 1. What Is Stress? 2. Responding to Stress 3. Coping with Stress 4. Stress and Health 5. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: When Things Go Wrong What Is Stress? Stress – Response to a situation that threatens one’s sense of well being. Stressor – Something that triggers a stress response. Two types of stressors Acute stressor – short-term finite stressor  Studying for finals, competing in a football game Chronic stressor – long-term stressor with no definitive end  Poverty, high-pressure job Ways of Experiencing Stress Feeling Frustrated - Something that prevents us from reaching a goal. Feeling Pressure - An impression that one should act in a certain way. Feeling Conflict - Two or more incompatible goals or impulses. Approach-approach conflict - Equally desirable options Avoidance-avoidance conflict - Equally undesirable options Approach-avoidance conflict - Both good and bad Feeling Endangered- Life threatening situations produce stress. Kinds of Stressors Daily hassles – Small, everyday problems that accumulate to become source of stress Cannot find keys or cell phone Life changes – Altered circumstances requiring adjustment Marriage, death, finals, break up Traumatic events – Unexpected disruptive events Natural disaster, witness or victim to violence Chronic Negative Situations – continued negative situation Living in a dangerous place, poverty, illness Special Sociocultural Conditions – challenges associated with minority groups Immigrating, racism 2) Responding to Stress The Fight-or-Flight Response – during stress, you your body makes you feel like you either want to fight or run. How?...
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ch15 - Stress Coping and Health Chapter 15 Chapter Outline...

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