ch16 - Psychological Disorders and Their Treatments Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychological Disorders and Their Treatments Chapter 16 Chapter Outline 1. Defining, Classifying, and Diagnosing 2. Biological Approaches 3. Psychodynamic Approaches 4. Behavioral Approaches 5. Cognitive Approaches 6. Humanistic-Existential Approaches 7. Formats of Therapy 8. Evaluating Psychotherapy 9. Abnormal Psychology How We Differ Defining, Classifying, and Diagnosing Psychological Abnormality Abnormal psychology Scientific study of psychological disorders No universal definition of what is abnormal behavior Some suggest that abnormal behavior involves:  Deviance  Distress  Dysfunction  Danger How do you know if you have a mental disorder? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) A book used to diagnose mental disorders. DSM provides a Categorical list of symptoms for all 400 mental disorders. Diagnosis identifying a disorder by its symptoms and other evidence. Assessment: How Do Clinicians Arrive at a Diagnosis? Clinical Interviews A therapist provides a face to face interview to assess symptoms. Clinical Tests Tools to gather information used to make inferences about functioning Clinical Observations Analog observation a therapist observes behavior in clinical environment (hospital, school, doctors office). Naturalistic observation a therapist observes behavior in everyday environment. Self-monitoring Clients observe and report on own behavior. 2) Biological Views of Abnormal Behavior Biological Views of Abnormal Behavior Factors contributing to biological dysfunction:  Head injury  Poor nutrition  Heart disease  Too few or too many of certain types of neurotransmitters  Hormone Sources of biological abnormalities  Genetics- mental disorders tend to run in families  Viral infections- have been linked to some mental illnesses Biological Therapies Drug Therapy Psychotropic drugs Drugs that primarily act on brain by increasing or decreasing neurotransmitters.  Prozac, used for depression, is the most commonly used drug in the world. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Used to treat depression by sending electrical current through the brain. Psychosurgery Neurosurgery brain surgery Trephining - among oldest forms of surgery, cut holes in skull to treat illness Lobotomy connections between the cortex (frontal lobes) and lower centers of the brain Assessing the Biological Approaches Strengths: Biological treatments often bring great relief when other approaches have failed. Research offers promising options...
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course PSY 1103 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Oklahoma.

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ch16 - Psychological Disorders and Their Treatments Chapter...

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