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HIS 125 week one checkpoint

HIS 125 week one checkpoint - amendment The Freedman’s...

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The Fourteenth Amendment was designed to keep unrepentant Confederates from gaining control over the new reconstructed state governments and keep African Americans from exercising their freedom. The most important part of this amendment is in Section 1 which defines that everyone born in the United States is a citizen, therefore freed slaves are citizens and all laws and protections must apply to them. If something would be illegal for a black American it would also be illegal for a white American to commit the same act. It means that States cannot redefine citizenship to abridge a person’s privileges or immunities, cannot deprive a citizen of their rights to life, liberty, and property, and must respect the due process of law. This gave African Americans the basic rights that they had waited a long time for and it looked as though Johnson’s attempts to restrict the rights of blacks were being stopped in their tracks by this
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Unformatted text preview: amendment. The Freedman’s Bureau was the solution that the Federal government chose to help slaves transition to free lives and not everything about this bureau was a success. The agents in the Freedman’s Bureau controlled written contracts between white landowners and black former slaves and controlled their conditions of labor and employment. The agents made these people into de facto slaves as they arrested people for violating contracts and would not write new ones. Some black people did not see much change with the transition from slavery to freedom, while others believed that the Freedman’s Bureau did help them. Not every state had sympathy for the newly freed slaves and in 1869 Congress ended the Bureau and it was totally over by 1872. Even with its problems the Freedman’s Bureau was the most effective agency devoted to protecting the rights, civil and political of former slaves....
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