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Bay of Pigs-review - Bay of Pigs By Howard Jones a review...

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Bay of Pigs By Howard Jones a review by Thomas Lennemann Dr. Arthur Coumbe History 5010 Austin Peay State University In January 1961, John F. Kennedy assumed the office of President of the United States. Upon taking office he had a lot on his plate. America was in the midst of the Cold War, and like his predecessors, Kennedy was a staunch anti-communist. In the 1960 Presidential campaign, Kennedy had criticized the Eisenhower administration for its handling of the situation in Cuba. 1 On New Years Eve a year earlier, Fidel Castro and his band of guerrillas overthrew the American backed regime of Fulgencio Batista. After a year of Castro’s America bashing and cozying up to the Soviet Union, the stage was set for an American-Cuban confrontation. University of Alabama Professor Howard Jones deftly captures the total picture of this debacle. The Eisenhower administration developed numerous plans for the removal of Fidel Castro and his regime in Cuba. The range of methods included discrediting the new Cuban leadership, assassination, and invasion. 2 The invasion plans were developing in coordination with an assassination plot. Set up by Deputy CIA Director for Plans Richard Bissell, the assassination plot was developed in conjunction with some notorious mafia operatives such as Johnny Roselli. Invasion plans were being developed by the CIA as a covert operation using Cuban exiles that were being trained in Guatemala. The CIA had employed covert operations to overthrow communist friendly revolutions in Iran, Guatemala, and Laos. The agency’s star was on the rise with a track record of success that seduced the incoming Kennedy administration.
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Seeking continuity, Kennedy held over the CIA leadership from his predecessor. Along with the personnel, the plans to remove Castro tagged along. A task force at CIA was setup to develop a feasible plan for the invasion of Cuba. The original plan, named “Operation Trinidad”, was quite promising as described by those tasked with its implementation. “Operation Trinidad” was designed to insert a brigade of anti-Castro soldiers (trained at a secret base in Guatemala) near the coastal town of Trinidad, located near the Escambray Mountains. The nearby mountains were home to a large group of anti-Castro guerrillas that could team up with the landing party, and if necessary a place for the assault troops to hide in case they needed to become guerrilla fighters. Also
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