Chapter 16a Global Human Resource Management

Chapter 16a Global - 16-1Click to edit Master subtitle styleChapter 16Global Human Resource Management16-:What is human resource management?Human

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Unformatted text preview: 16-1Click to edit Master subtitle styleChapter 16Global Human Resource Management16-2IntroductionQuestion:What is human resource management?Human resource management (HRM) refers to the activities an organization carries out to utilize its human resources effectively HRM activities includedetermining human resource strategystaffingperformance evaluationmanagement developmentcompensationlabor relations16-3IntroductionHRM is more complex in an international business because of differences between countries in labor markets, culture, legal systems, economic systems, and so onInternational HRM also deals with issues related to expatriate managers(citizens of one country working abroad) includingwhen to use expatriateswho to send on expatriate postinghow expatriates should be compensatedhow to handle the repatriation of expatriates16-4The Strategic Role of International HRMQuestion:Why is international HRM important to the success of the firm?Strategy is implemented through organizationPeople are the linchpin to the firm’s organization architectureSo, success in international business requires that HRM policies be congruent with the firm’s strategy16-5The Strategic Role of International HRMThe Role of Human Resources in Shaping Organization Architecture 16-6Staffing PolicyStaffing policy is concerned with the selection of employees for a particular jobIt involves selecting people who have the right skills for a particular jobIt also involves developing and promoting the corporate cultureof the firm (the organization’s norms and value systems) 16-7Types of Staffing PolicyThere are three types of staffing policies1.the ethnocentric approach2.the polycentric approach3.the geocentric approachThe most attractive policy is the geocentric approach, however it is not always easy to implement16-8Types of Staffing Policy1. The Ethnocentric ApproachAn ethnocentric approach to staffing policy is one in which key management positions in an international business are filled by parent-country nationalsThe policy makes most sense for firms pursuing an international strategy16-9Types of Staffing PolicyAn ethnocentric staffing policy is attractive whenthe firm believes there is a lack of qualified individuals in the host country to fill senior management positionsthe firm sees an ethnocentric staffing policy as the best way to maintain a unified corporate culturethe firm wants to transfer knowledge of core competencies to the foreign operation16-10Types of Staffing PolicyThe ethnocentric approach to staffing is falling out of favor becauseit limits the advancement of host country nationalsThis can lead to resentment, lower productivity, and increased turnoverit can lead to cultural myopia (the firm’s failure to understand host-country cultural differences that require different approaches to marketing and management) 16-11Types of Staffing Policy2. The Polycentric Approach2....
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This note was uploaded on 09/23/2011 for the course ECON 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at North Shore Community College.

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Chapter 16a Global - 16-1Click to edit Master subtitle styleChapter 16Global Human Resource Management16-:What is human resource management?Human

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