Group_9_RFID_Report

Group_9_RFID_Report - Group 9 The Social Impact(RFID Radio...

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Group 9: The Social Impact (RFID) Radio Frequency Identification By Matthew Costa (Method), Amanda Hellar (Key Issues), John Moura (PowerPoint/Analysis), Kevin Mulvey (Conclusion), Nicholas Reyes (Introduction), and Moiz Tayebaly (Report). Social Informatics: 547:200 Statement of Problem: Introduction and Historical Evolution The widespread use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) has become an extremely volatile issue over the last decade. Although the technology has been around for some time, the ever increasing frequency of use and numerous alternative applications have brought about an ever increasing concern about privacy and its infringement throughout the unsuspecting public. The growing demands for personalized and targeted information have initiated extended uses for such technologies in order to further structure and track sales information, industry inventory and the movement of goods throughout the Unites States. Furthermore, the use RFID technologies have created a new method for technologically savvy individuals and organizations to track people who purchase the goods and utilize the technology, not only in their purchasing habits, but in their actions and movements wherever an RFID reader is present. Despite the recent privacy concerns associated with RFID, the concept and the technology have been around for numerous years. The basic principle behind radio frequency identification initiated alongside the development of radar systems during the 1940’s. The “first demonstration of active RFID using electromagnetic backscatter” was by IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) by the British military in order identify allied planes located through Radar (Rieback, 63). The IFF system located on the plane would broadcast a specific signal back toward allied radar systems alerting the radar operators that the target was in fact a friendly plane. Although the technology was primitive, IFF was the basis for further development of RFID technologies that began to include memory to store information about the specific identifier in the 1970’s. The advancements of memory storage involved in RFID tags led to the eventual patent of the most popular and well known RFID system of EZPASS. “The technology was patented in 1977 and has been deployed since the 1980’s” (Rieback, 64). EZPASS is the most well known form of electronic toll collection in the north east region of the United States, but it was not the first. The toll collection technology’s “first commercial application began in Europe in 1987 in Norway and was followed quickly in the United States by the Dallas North Turnpike” (Landt, 5). Many other implementations have occurred throughout the 1980s and 90s. The technology has been used to track inventory of freight, count warehouse inventory and in smart cards to identify people. None of the aforementioned uses of RFID technology stirred such a debate as the implantable chip invented for animal inventory. The chip was developed in 1986, when “four inventors had filed a series of patent applications for a Syringe-Implantable Identification Transponder” (Garfinkel, 16). The chip was created
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