Note on Strategic Bombing in World War II. There were two types of bombing: tactical bombing , which supported the army or navy in military operations, and strategic bombing , which aimed at destroying the economy or morale of the enemy. The U.S. and U.K. specialized in strategic bombing; Germany and the Soviet Union emphasized tactical bombing. Germany and the Soviet Union may have lost interest in strategic bombing because of their experiences with strategic and tactical bombing in the Spanish Civil War. Initially, the U.K. and the U.S. emphasized striking at sensitive points in the enemy economy such as transportation, steel, ball bearings, etc. The idea was that hitting these points would cause widespread disruption with relatively few losses of aircraft. The campaigns based on destroying “sensitive points,” however, ran into trouble for several reasons. The Germans protected these points with massive amounts of anti-aircraft protection. The Germans hardened sensitive sites and dispersed facilities. The Germans also found substitutes for items in short
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 09/25/2011 for the course ECONOMICS 305 taught by Professor Hughrockoff during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.