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Unformatted text preview: Judith Lorber- Night to His Day-The Social Construction of Gender Sociologists attempt to demonstrate that the building blocks of gender are socially constructed statuses. Distinguishing sex and gender Sex (Male and Female) are biological categories determined by chromosomal differences and secondary sex characteristics Gender is socially prescribed. Individuals are assigned an ascribed social status as man or woman, boy or girl. The social roles and responsibilities we fulfill depend on our status as woman or man. Masculinity and Femininity refers to normative expectations for behavior and appearance. Sociologists argue masculinity and femininity are socially learned through a system of rewards and sanctions. We are socialized to gender but our definitions of masculinity and femininity are highly contingent historically and contextually. They change over time and across space. We assume an easy correspondence among the three....
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- Fall '08
- Sociology, Judith Lorber