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TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE - Katelin Holmes Global Health Study...

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Katelin Holmes Global Health Study Guide Test #1 Test #1: Chapters 1-4 Public Health o Focuses on the health of populations. Populations at risk for specific diseases can be described as using the person – place – time triad: WHO is the person WHERE are geographic/spatial links of the illness WHEN do cases typically occur o Public Health workers aim to prevent illness, injury, and death at the population level by identifying health hazards, responding to health needs, and providing education o The Five Core Disciplines of Public Health 1. Health Education – social sciences that relate to health and health behavior 2. Health services administration – health economics and health policy 3. Environmental health 4. Biostatistics 5. Epidemiology – the study of the distribution and causes of health and illness in a population. Epidemiologists measure health status in populations defined by age, sex, national boundaries, or other categories, and determine what conditions are key causes of mortality, morbidity, and disability in a population. o Mortality = death o Morbidity = illness o Unmodifiable Risk Factors are factors that cannot be changed Example: age, ethnicity, and genetics o Behavioral Risk Factors are lifestyle choices a person makes o DOMAIN OF PUBLIC HEALTH World World region Nation State/province Community Household Mortality VS. Morbidity o Death vs. illness o The WHO uses three main classifications for the causes of death and disability: Injury Non-communicable conditions
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Katelin Holmes Global Health Study Guide Test #1 Test #1: Chapters 1-4 Communicable conditions, maternal conditions, perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies Medicine o Concerned with the health of individuals, and medical professionals are instrumental to creating and maintaining healthy populations. o DOMAIN OF MEDICINE Household Individual Global Health o The study of the biological, social, and environmental contributors to health and disease in populations around the world. It is sometimes also called transnational health, health concerns that cross national borders. International Health o Health in low-income areas (infectious diseases, nutrition, child health, reproductive [maternal] health, water & sanitation, aging, mental health, culture, and other global issues) o Social, biological and environmental contributors Health o As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), health is “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” The boldest claim is that “the enjoyment of the highest standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being.” This means that the standard of health should be raised so that everyone has access to at least the basic medical and psychological care, especially people in at-risk population groups. Health is linked with peace, and health is a human right. Areas with poor health standards put everyone at risk of pandemic
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TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE - Katelin Holmes Global Health Study...

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