HIS101_MOD2_CASE - 1 Trident University International...

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1 Trident University International Jerjuan L. Clark Module 2 Case Assignment History 101 Modern World History Dr. Les Keffel April 2, 2020 In the mid 19th century, Britain was involved in the selling of opium (extracted from the
2 opium poppy plant) to China. This took place in the 18th century and led into the 19th century. The drug was highly illegal, and would eventually cause conflict in China’s economy. China did not like the British exports of illegal drugs being passed through its borders. The British mainly received their supply of opium from India, and Chinese leaders attempted to suppress the export of the drug. “ The resulting widespread addiction in China was causing serious social and economic disruption” (Pletcher, 2020). Due to the British continued trading and stockpiling of the drug, the Chinese retaliated by destroying over 1,300 tons of opium. The drugs were being stored on Chinese soil by British merchants in Guangzhou, formerly known as Canton. The destruction of millions of pounds of the narcotic, along with the death of a Chinese villager by British seamen, increased tension between the two countries. Later that year, Chinese blockades were destroyed by British troops in Hong Kong, which led to the beginning of the first opium war in 1839. After a battle that lasted 3 years, Great Britain captured the city of Nanking and held their positions. This put an end to the gruesome fighting, and a peace treaty soon followed. Signed on August 29, 1842, The Treaty of Nanking allowed Great Britain to have a say-so in the accolades included in the treaty. “By its provisions, China was required to pay Britain a large

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