UGC 111 Ramayan Essay

UGC 111 Ramayan Essay - Gaurang Joshi UGC 111 December 1...

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Gaurang Joshi UGC 111 December 1, 2010 Research done on the influence of the Ramayan on the Indus Valley Civiliztion: The Ramayana is an ancient Hindu epic which was written by two different writers. Normally, before written communication was fully developed, the story traveled orally. Finally after Sanskrit was fully developed, two sages by the name of Valmiki and Tulsidas were the first recorded to write the great epic down. (Murthy 1) The little secondary differences did not take away from the main values that are instilled in the Ramayana. Its purpose was to inform people and advocate how to be a perfect king, son and husband. (Crystal 4)  King Rama was a manifestation of God who came in order to demonstrate the values of a perfect son with his father, perfect king with his subjects, and perfect husband with his beautiful wife Sita. (Charan  542) (Crystal 4) Along with the tranquil rule of Ram came many other factors which proved to be influence the life of the Indus Valley civilization. In the beginning of Ramayana, Prince Rama is the son of King Dasherat, King of Ayodha near southwest India. Ram was the oldest son of the king who had been married to 3 wives. One of the wives has once saved the Kings life and in return the King promised her one wish of anything she wanted. Ram being the eldest son was to be crowned king; however the wife who saved King Dasherat wanted to use her wish. Her wish was that her son, Bharat become king and Ram be sent into exile into the forest. Rama being very obedient and respectful of his father accepted the wish. The story of the Ram’s journey in the forest with his wife Sita and closest brother Laxman, results in a massive war with the king of Sri Lanka, Ravan. This is because
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Ravan had kidnaped Ram’s wife Sita because he was attracted to her. The war and Ram’s attempt to assemble an army is known as the Ramayana war. With the help of monkeys led by the mighty Hanuman, Ram sets off to Lanka to fight and kill Ravan for stealing his wife. The story is not a message that directly tells its readers how to live a perfect life, but instead teaches by example. Ram is lauded for his mastery in war and his passionate feeling towards equality between all. (Griffith 1-1230) The deliverance of justice is a strong theme in the Ramayana. The Indus Valley Civilization with two major cities Harappa and Mohenjo Daro benefited fully from the Ramayana as it seemed to influence their day to day life. Brahmin and Historian, Dr. Pinakchandra Shankarlal Joshi (Pinakchandra ironically being the name of Shiva’s Bow in the Ramayana which was strung by Rama in order to win his wife Sita), says that three morals that Ramayana preached to Indus Valley which has been carried into Modern India, are the ideals of being a “perfect son,” “perfect husband,” and “perfect king.” These three morals seemed to be preached heavily in the Indus Valley for many reasons discussed later. First, Ram delineates how a perfect son should act. Ram was always respectful to his
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UGC 111 Ramayan Essay - Gaurang Joshi UGC 111 December 1...

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