UGC 112 Research Paper

UGC 112 Research Paper - Joshi 1 Gaurang Joshi Professor...

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Joshi 1 Gaurang Joshi Professor Baumer/Mike Moran World Civilizations 102 April 23, 2010 “Gandhigiri” “If we [Indians] together spit on the ground, we can drown the British out (Gandhi 1969; 312).” By promoting unity and peace, Gandhi started a movement to end the political injustice in India and drive the British out of “Inqalab (Potpourri, 1).” The British had ruled India since 1858, often causing injustice to Indians and demanding a higher tax (lagaan). Great Britain did not have many people ruling India, in fact they employed Indians, known as sepoys as soldiers to control the other citizens. This promoted a separated and divided India, which was weak and could not fight back. The Indians in this sense were not united and sought to fight for a small group’s freedom being led by one or two people. Certain freedom fighters such as Bhagat Singh, Subash Chandra Bose, and Mangal Pandey came forth and through organized violent attacks reaped the benefits for all Indians in the name of smaller groups. These Freedom Fighters were part of an allied unofficial political group known as the Jahal Party. The Jahal felt that the only way to gain independence is to kill the British and let all their anger out. This will scare the British and drive them out. However many Freedom Fighters were later hung and because of certain vulnerabilities were not considered martyrs. Freedom Fighters is the name given to those who died in the name of India, they would often times assault or offend a British Lord in order to scare the British out of India. The British East India Company was the name of a large scale business that the British operated in Bombay, Maharastra. This company is what the British used to rule India and would take all the resources of India such as cotton, iron ore, spices, gold, silver
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Joshi 2 and other raw materials combined with fine crafts and authentic Indian clothes and jewelry and ship it to Britain so they can sell it across Europe. All Indians under the British East India Company were required to pay a lagaan and pledge allegiance to the British Flag. The Indians were not treated with proper care, and were forced to do sacrilegious things. (Fay, iv-x). For example, a Hindu Brahmin cannot touch any sort of meat and a Muslim cannot touch anything that has been made of pig (Charan, 112) (Quran, 1390). The British would wrap their gunpowder in pig skin and force the Indians, composed of Hindus and Muslims, to pack and wrap the gunpowder. If they refuse to do so, they would go through heavy torture and eventual death. Many times during work Hindus and Muslims tried to put their differences aside and work together to achieve small reformations but were deemed unsuccessful (Fay, viii). Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat to a
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UGC 112 Research Paper - Joshi 1 Gaurang Joshi Professor...

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