Lecture 21 English-Only Movement

Lecture 21 English-Only Movement - The English Only...

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The English Only movement (continued)
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What drives the debate and policy making? • Language prejudice • Standard English/Monolingual ideology • English-Only movement • English Plus • Bilingual education
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Types of Language Policies Wiley p. 325-326 Promotion Oriented Polices : government resources, active steps to further the status of a language. Promotion of English in the US works this way. Expediency Oriented Policies : the state accommodates a minority language temporarily to facilitate access to education and to guarantee legal rights (transitional bilingual education and bilingual ballots). They are not intended to enhance the use of a minority language. Tolerance Oriented Polices : no interference from the state; no government resources for language maintenance. Reliance on private funding and community funding.
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Types of Language Policies Wiley p. 325-326 Restriction Oriented Policies: “social, political and economic benefits, rights, and opportunities [are] conditional on knowing or using the dominant language”; generally justified as providing a greater good to those affected by the policies. Proposition 227 in California and proposition 203 in Arizona. Often had a negative consequence for acquisition of English literacy. Repression Oriented Policies : overt attempt to eradicate minority languages. Linked to deculturation and linguistic genocide (example: boarding schools for Native Americans ( coercive assimilation ); Germans in the midwest).
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Nativism and the ideology of English monolingualism Nativism: the prescription of acquiring English as an essential component of being patriotic; and “American”; ‘English language = American’ Waves of immigration threat the American Way of life: * Previous mention of nativism in class: The assumption that ASL was not supportive of American Society; the language of a minority “ethnic” group, borrowed from France. Colonial period, early nationalist periods (Benjamin Franklin)
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Nativism and the ideology of English monolingualism Increasing xenophobia, beginnings of language restrictionism: neo-Nativism (early twentieth century). Nativism Movement (American Protective
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course LIGN 8 taught by Professor Bakovic,e during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 21 English-Only Movement - The English Only...

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