Lecture 19 Ebonics

Lecture 19 Ebonics - Have you completed your experiment...

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Have you completed your experiment already? • Remember that the last day to fulfill this requirement is June 2 nd . • A possibility: Experiment #816 (on experimetrix) . Subject criteria: 1. native speakers of English 2. native speakers of Spanish: (1) who were born in a Spanish-speaking country AND (2) who moved to the U.S. between 6-15 years old AND (3) have been living in the U.S. for at least 5 years
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Housekeeping • General feedback about outlines available on WebCT (in “Research Project” folder). • Individual comments about your outlines will be distributed next Monday • Assignment #5 will be up next Friday, May 28 th and will be due on Wednesday June 2 nd at noon (revised schedule posted on WebCT) • Project report is due Friday June 4 th
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The ebonics controversy
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The problem at Oakland Schools and beyond What’s happening all over the country Reading scores (National Assessment of Educational Progress data) * Scores on standard reading tests tend to be about 30 points lower than white students * Lowest scores of all ethnicities Oakland has 53% African American students * Overrepresented in learning disabled programs (71%) * Underrepresented in gifted and talented programs (37%)
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Outside of California: The King Case 1979 court case in Ann Arbor, Michigan Case brought by parents of fifteen children in MLK, Jr. School against the Ann Arbor School District Equal Educational Opportunities Act (1974) * After Lau v. Nichols (1974) ( we’ll discuss this next week ) * Each district must “take appropriate action to overcome language barriers that impede equal participation by its students in its instructional programs” “this court finds it appropriate to require the defendant Board to take steps to help its teachers to recognize the home language of the students and to use that knowledge in their attempts to teach reading skills in standard English…”
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Response from the Oakland, California school board The Oakland, California school board passed a resolution on December 18, 1996 declaring Ebonics the “primary language” of its African American students. What was taken into account: * Historical circumstances: a segment of the population historically deprived of access to schools or equal justice. * Dim educational prospects.
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First definition of “Ebonics” A term first introduced in 1973 at a conference of African American scholars. “[T]he linguistic and paralinguistic features which on a concentric continuum represent the communicative competence of the West African, Caribbean, and United States slave descendants of African origin” Robert Williams, 1975 (p. v). Ebonics: the True Language of Black Folks Ebonics stands in for a linguistic heritage that cannot be identified with precision as with other Americas of different background.
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Proposed Solutions for helping speakers of AAE to master Standard English (SE) • The Bridge Approach (Geneva Smitherman) * Use AAE as a bridge to learning SE
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course LIGN 8 taught by Professor Bakovic,e during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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Lecture 19 Ebonics - Have you completed your experiment...

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