Lecture 17 US Dialect Variation

Lecture 17 US Dialect Variation - Where is correct and/or...

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Where is ‘correct’ and/or ‘pleasant’ English spoken? 1
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2
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Different self-attitudes Michiganders (perhaps “Midwesterners” more generally) consider their own speech to be ‘most correct’ but not ‘most pleasant’. Alabamians (perhaps “Southerners” more generally) consider their own speech to be ‘most pleasant’ but not ‘most correct’. Californians (perhaps “Westerners” more generally) consider their own speech to be ‘most correct’ and ‘most pleasant’. 3
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4 Social variation Some linguistic variation is regionally determined. Other linguistic variation is socially determined. ‘Region’ (= the people around you that you use language with most often) can be thought of as a social factor like any other (gender, ethnicity, etc.). These and many other social factors can influence the realization of a linguistic variable .
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5 Some examples of linguistic variables … in American English, having to do with sound: rhoticity vs. non-rhoticity (‘pronouncing the r ’) realization of certain suffixes (e.g., - s ) pronunciation of -ing vs. -in’ monophthongization of ‘long i
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6 How do you say night time ? In San Diego, CA: night time = nayt taym In Dallas, TX: night time = naht tahm In Louisville, KY: night time = nayt tahm m is voiced (= vocal folds vibrate), t is voiceless. In San Diego and Dallas, there is only a length difference between the vowels in each word. In Louisville, there is also a quality difference.
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There is social stratification (= socially-correlated divisions) of the use of linguistic variables . 7
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Stratification of the use of different variables differs across social classes . 8
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Stratification of the use of different variables can be sharp or gradient across social classes .
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