review-concept of knowledge

review-concept of knowledge - (1),truth,and...

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The Concept of Knowledge (1) What does it mean to say that  knowledge  involves the key ingredients of  belief truth , and  justification ? Use examples to show that if you take any one of these ingredients away, what  remains is not  knowledge . To say that knowledge invovles the key ingredients of truth, belief, and justification is to  say that in order for one to have real knowledge, it needs to be true, believed in and have  justification. For example, you cannot have one or two without the other and require all three to  have clear knowledge. An example of this is the jellybean in a jar test. You can 'believe' that there  are 500 jellybeans in the jar and that may be 'true' for you, but there is no real justification behind  it until you actually count the jellybeans. Another example is if you wake up in the morning  without looking outside and call your friend to ask her if its raining, she may say yes. So you  believe it is raining out and it is justified by your friend saying it, but it may not be true. You may  look outside and it is raining so therefore, it is not truly knowledge. (2) Compare and contrast the following three theories about truth:  realism relativism  (both  subjective  and  social ), and  nihilism . What are the main advantages and disadvantages of  each? There are three different theories of truth that an individual may hold 'true' to themself.  Realism is the theory that there is truth about every aspect of life and that truth is completely  independent of everyone else's beliefs. An example of this is 2+2=4. The fact that two 2s make 4  is the realistic truth and no matter how hard you or anyone believes that 2+2 is equal to 7, the real 
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 110 taught by Professor Kraay during the Fall '10 term at Ryerson.

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review-concept of knowledge - (1),truth,and...

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