nccoa220 - NORTH CAROLINA COURT OF APPEALS REPORTS Volume 220 17 APRIL 2012 15 MAY 2012 Raleigh 2016 CITE THIS VOLUME 220 N.C APP TABLE OF CONTENTS

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Unformatted text preview: NORTH CAROLINA COURT OF APPEALS REPORTS Volume 220 17 APRIL 2012 15 MAY 2012 Raleigh 2016 CITE THIS VOLUME 220 N.C. APP. TABLE OF CONTENTS Judges of the Court of Appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Table of Cases Reported . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Table of Cases Reported Without Published Opinions . . . . . . . viii Opinions of the Court of Appeals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-525 Headnote Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527 iii This volume is printed on permanent, acid-free paper in compliance with the North Carolina General Statutes. iv THE COURT OF APPEALS OF NORTH CAROLINA Chief Judge LINDA M. McGEE Judges WANDA G. BRYANT ANN MARIE CALABRIA RICHARD A. ELMORE SANFORD L. STEELMAN, JR. MARTHA GEER LINDA STEPHENS DONNA S. STROUD ROBERT N. HUNTER, JR.1 J. DOUGLAS McCULLOUGH CHRIS DILLON MARK DAVIS RICHARD D. DIETZ JOHN M. TYSON2 LUCY INMAN3 VALERIE J. ZACHARY4 Emergency Recall Judges GERALD ARNOLD RALPH A. WALKER Former Chief Judges GERALD ARNOLD SIDNEY S. EAGLES, JR. JOHN C. MARTIN Former Judges ROBERT H. EDMUNDS, JR. WILLIAM E. GRAHAM, JR. JAMES C. FULLER JAMES H. CARSON, JR.5 J. PHIL CARLTON K. EDWARD GREENE BURLEY B. MITCHELL, JR. RALPH A. WALKER HARRY C. MARTIN6 HUGH B. CAMPBELL, JR.9 E. MAURICE BRASWELL ALBERT S. THOMAS, JR. WILLIS P. WHICHARD LORETTA COPELAND BIGGS DONALD L. SMITH7 ALAN Z. THORNBURG CHARLES L. BECTON PATRICIA TIMMONS-GOODSON ALLYSON K. DUNCAN ROBIN E. HUDSON SARAH PARKER ERIC L. LEVINSON ELIZABETH G. McCRODDEN JOHN S. ARROWOOD ROBERT F. ORR JAMES A. WYNN, JR. SYDNOR THOMPSON8 BARBARA A. JACKSON JACK COZORT CHERI BEASLEY MARK D. MARTIN CRESSIE H. THIGPEN, JR. JOHN B. LEWIS, JR. ROBERT C. HUNTER10 LISA C. BELL11 CLARENCE E. HORTON, JR. SAMUEL J. ERVIN IV12 JOSEPH R. JOHN, SR. 1 6 Appointed 1 January 2015. 2 Sworn in 1 January 2015. 3 Sworn in 1 January 2015. 4 Appointed 31 July 2015. 5 Deceased 28 August 2015 Deceased 3 May 2015. 7 Deceased 4 January 2015. 8 Deceased 27 January 2015 9 Deceased 11 September 2015. 10 Retired 31 December 2014. Resigned 31 December 2014. 12 Resigned 31 December 2014. 11 v Clerk JOHN H. CONNELL13 DANIEL M. HORNE, JR.14 OFFICE OF STAFF COUNSEL Director Leslie Hollowell Davis Assistant Director Daniel M. Horne, Jr. Staff Attorneys John L. Kelly Shelley Lucas Edwards Bryan A. Meer Eugene H. Soar Nikiann Tarantino Gray David Alan Lagos Michael W. Rodgers Lauren M. Tierney ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE COURTS Director Marion R. Warren15 Assistant Director David F. Hoke OFFICE OF APPELLATE DIVISION REPORTER H. James Hutcheson Kimberly Woodell Sieredzki Jennifer C. Peterson 13 15 Retired 31 October 2015. 14 Appointed 1 November 2015. Appointed Interim Director 1 May 2015. Appointed Director 3 November 2015. vi CASES REPORTED Page Beeson v. Palombo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274 Beroth Oil Co. v. N.C. Dep’t of Transp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419 Birtha v. Stonemor, N.C., LLC . . . . . . 286 Coomer v. Lee Cnty. Bd. of Educ. . . . 155 Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. v. Reed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504 Dayton v. Dayton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468 Eaton v. Campbell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521 Finch v. Campus Habitat, L.L.C. . . . . . 146 Fisher v. Town of Nags Head . . . . . . . 478 Horsley v. Halifax Reg’l Med. Ctr., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411 Page State v. Foust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 State v. Fowler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 State v. Foye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 State v. Glenn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 State v. Hewson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 State v. Houseright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495 State v. Jackson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 State v. Jones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392 State v. Laurean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 342 State v. Long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 State v. Ramirez . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 State v. Rollins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443 State v. Smalley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 State v. Stowes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330 State v. Tyson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 517 State v. Watkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384 State v. Williams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 State v. Williamson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512 Taddei v. Vill. Creek Prop. Owners Ass’n, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487 T-WOL Acquisition Co., Inc. v. ECDG South, LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 In re A.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 In re Appeal of Murdock . . . . . . . . . . . 377 In re Foreclosure of Cornblum . . . . . 100 In re G.B.R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309 In re Hamilton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 350 In re Rone v. Winston-Salem/Forsyth Cnty. Bd. of Educ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401 In re Baker Investigation . . . . . . . . . . 108 Waste Indus. USA, Inc. v. State of N.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Lampkin v. Hous. Mgmt. Res., Inc. . . . 457 Lewis v. Rapp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299 Mynhardt v. Elon Univ. . . . . . . . . . . . . 368 N.C. Farm Bureau Mut. Ins. Co. v. Cully’s Motorcross Park, Inc. . . 212 Patterson v. City of Gastonia . . . . . . . 233 Praver v. Raus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Rev O, Inc. v. Woo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Rink & Robinson, PLLC v. Catawba Valley Enters., LLC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360 Smith v. City of Fayetteville . . . . . . . . 249 State v. Adams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319 State v. Adams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406 State v. Barnhart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 State v. Conley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 vii Cases Reported Without Published Opinions Page Allen Design Assocs., Inc. v. Combs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Area Storage, Inc. v. Old Oak Estates Cmty. Ass’n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Artis v. Williford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Page In re S.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re S.L.B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re W.Z.P. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re Y.B.S. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Kearney v. Barker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Bank of Carolinas v. Burkett . . . . . . . 415 Blackburn v. Bugg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Cole v. City of Charlotte . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Craver v. Raymond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Curtis v. Curtis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Dodd v. Manheim Auctions, Inc. . . . . 523 Dodeka L.L.C. v. Cobb . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Dulaney v. Inmar, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Marks v. Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Matz v. Phillips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 McCollum v. McCollum . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Melson v. Crane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Murn v. Murn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Myatt v. Crandall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Pickney v. N.C. Dep’t of Transp. . . . . 523 Portfolio Recovery Assocs., LLC v. Hammonds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Ellison v. Dana Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Harrell v. Palace Entm’t Holdings, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Harrington v. Brents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Hershner v. ESC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re A.C.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 In re A.E.F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re A.F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re A.M.R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 In re A.N. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re A.N.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re C.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re C.M.H. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re C.M.W. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re Foreclosure of Wilson . . . . . . . . 415 In re G.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re H.G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 In re H.G.K. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 In re J.J.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re J.J.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 In re J.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re J.M.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re J.N.M. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re K.B.G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re K.R.B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re L.A.T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 In re L.L. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 In re M.A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 In re R.V.G. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 Riggs v. Burns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Robinson v. N.C. Dep’t of Corr. . . . . . 523 Schweizer v. Patterson . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 Sec. Credit Corp. v. Mid/East Acceptance Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Allen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Arciniega . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Atwater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Bettis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 State v. Boney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Bostic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 State v. Brigman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 State v. Bristow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523 State v. Brown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Camp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 State v. Chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 State v. Clark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Clemons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Cox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Crews . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Curry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Dixon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Dixon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Dunn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Eichacker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Ellis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Felton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 416 State v. Finnell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 viii Cases Reported Without Published Opinions Page State v. Floyd . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Friend . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Gill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Gleason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Goldman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Goode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Graham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Hall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Hall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Hawkins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 State v. Hill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Holmes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Hough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Jegede . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Johnson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Jones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Kennedy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Kerr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Klein . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Kramer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Laney . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Laplante . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Latham . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Lewis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Lewter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Little . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. Locklear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Mason . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. McClenny . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. McCorkle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. McMillan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524 State v. McNair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. McNeil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. McNeil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Miller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 State v. Mills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Mitchell . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Montgomery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Munn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Ollis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Oxendine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Penny . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417 State v. Pizano-Trejo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Ponder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Radford . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Ramirez-Romero . . . . . . . . . . 525 Page State v. Rash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Ratliff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Richardson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Robinson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Rogers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Roseboro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Rouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Royal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Rucker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Saunders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Sherlin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Smith . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Squires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Thomas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Trivette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Turner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Vaughn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Walden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Watlington . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Wiley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. Williams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 State v. Williams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Wright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Wright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 State v. York . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 State v. Yost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 Stephenson v. Time Warner Cable Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Thompson v. Letendre . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 Trivett v. Stine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 418 Tucker Materials, Inc. v. Safesound Acoustics, Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525 Vuncannon v. N.C. Inst. of Christian Dev., Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 ix CASES ARGUED AND DETERMINED IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF NORTH CAROLINA AT RALEIGH STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA V. TRAVARAS VASHAUN JACKSON No. COA11-876 (Filed 17 April 2012) Criminal Law—motion for appropriate relief—evidentiary hearing required—summary denial erroneous The trial court erred by summarily denying defendant’s motion for appropriate relief and an accompanying discovery motion in a drug case. Defendant’s motion for appropriate relief raised issues of fact with sufficient particularity to merit an evidentiary hearing and the trial court erred by failing to conduct a hearing so that defendant would have an opportunity to produce evidence to substantiate his allegations. Appeal by writ of certiorari review of the order denying Defendant’s motion for appropriate relief entered 15 November 2010 by Judge Arnold O. Jones, II, in Wayne County Superior Court. Heard in the Court of Appeals 15 December 2011. Attorney General Roy Cooper, by Assistant Attorney General Kathleen N. Bolton, for the State. North Carolina Prisoner Legal Services, by D. Tucker Charns, for Defendant-appellant. ERVIN, Judge. 1 2 IN THE COURT OF APPEALS STATE v. JACKSON [220 N.C. App. 1 (2012)] Defendant Travaras Vashaun Jackson appeals from an order denying his motion for appropriate relief and related discovery motion. On appeal, Defendant argues that the trial court erred by summarily denying his motion for appropriate relief and an accompanying discovery motion. After careful consideration of Defendant’s challenges to the trial court’s order in light of the record and the applicable law, we conclude that the trial court’s order should be reversed and that this case should be remanded to the Wayne County Superior Court for further proceedings not inconsistent with this opinion. I. Background A. Substantive Facts On 23 October 2006, Sergeants Dan Peters of the Wayne County Drug Squad and Seth Harris of the Goldsboro Police Department gave an unidentified informant $25.00 for use in making a controlled drug purchase at an apartment located in Goldsboro. The informant claimed to have gone to the apartment, returned with a bag of white powder, and told the officers that an unidentified black male in the apartment had stated that the powder was cocaine. At that point, Sergeant Harris prepared and executed an affidavit, with which he obtained the issuance of a warrant authorizing a search of the apartment. In the affidavit, Sergeant Harris stated that: The applicant states that he has a confidential source which is also known to Sgt. D. Peters of the Goldsboro Police Department, that has proven reliable in the past to the applicant by providing information in the past that has led to the seizure of a controlled substance in Wayne County. On October 23, 2006 the source told the applicant that the source was inside the above mentioned residence [within] the past 48 hours and had seen a quantity of off white powder substance that was represented to be cocaine by a black male and in the possession of the black male while inside the residence listed above. The source has in the past provided information to the applicant that has led to the seizure of controlled substances, therefore the applicant knows that the source knows cocaine when the source sees it. Later that day, Sergeant Harris, Sergeant Peters, and other law enforcement officers executed the search warrant. The officers knocked on the apartment door and, after failing to receive a response, used a battering ram to force an entry into the apartment. When the officers entered, Defendant, who was immediately inside IN THE COURT OF APPEALS 3 STATE v. JACKSON [220 N.C. App. 1 (2012)] the door, ran towards a bathroom. Sergeant Peters pursued Defendant and retrieved a plastic bag from the toilet bowl before Defendant had a chance to dispose of it. The plastic bag held three other bags that appeared to contain controlled substances. The officers handcuffed Defendant, searched the apartment and Defendant, and seized various items, including Defendant’s identification cards, which were discovered in the bedroom; an apartment key, which was removed from Defendant’s pocket; and an electric bill identifying Heather Seagraves, who arrived toward the end of the search, as the individual in whose name utility service was provided to the apartment. After executing the search warrant, Sergeant Harris arrested Defendant and took him to the Goldsboro Police Department. After Sergeant Harris informed Defendant of his Miranda rights, Defendant agreed to answer questions without invoking his right to the assistance of counsel. In a written statement that Sergeant Harris pr...
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