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Matthew_McCoy_Week_7_Assignment - Matthew McCoy GEOG201...

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Matthew McCoy GEOG201 Week 7 Assignment Dr. Russell Graves March 19, 2011 Chapter 13, Review Question #6 (page 274). What are some of the specific issues involved with using the water from the Colorado River? What are some of the proposed solutions to the intense competition? In earlier years, nearly the entire flow of the Colorado River had been allocated, mostly downstream in Arizona and California. This meant that the upper basin states of Wyoming, Colorado, Utah, and New Mexico had little right to the water that originated largely in their states’ mountains. In 1929, the Colorado River Compact reallocated these water rights, giving half of the river’s total allocated flow to the upper basin and half to the lower basin states of Nevada, Arizona, and California (Birdsall, Palka, Malinowski, & Price, 2009, p. 263). Most stream flow of the region originates as spring and summer melting of the previous winter’s melting snows, which can be quite variable. The winters of 1982-1983 and 1983-1984 were two of the snowiest in history. Water spilled over the top of Boulder Dam, one of Salt Lake City’s main streets turned into a temporary river, and the Great Salt Lake, historically shrinking due to irrigation withdrawals, reached its largest areal extent in a century while its salinity halved. In the late 1980s, however, winters were dry in the Sierra Nevada and central Rocky
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