Take Home Test Review

Take Home Test Review - -Miles Meyer EEB 187-2 Take Home...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
-Miles Meyer EEB 187-2 Take Home Test 1. What are the differences between the theories that animal, including human, communication is (a) about information transfer or (b) about sender manipulation of receivers of signals? The theory of information transfer states that the end result of the communication between the sender and receiver results in the “receiver learning something it didn’t know before from the sender” (Dawkins & Krebs, p.286). The theory of sender manipulation states that the sender of the signal communicates in order to manipulate the behavior of the receiver to benefit the sender, although the receivers do benefit on average by responding (Dawkins & Krebs, p.284). The main difference between the theories is that under the information transfer school of thought, communication results in knowledge in the receiver of the signal, and is seen as inter-individual cooperation, with its evolution being mutual (Dawkins & Krebs, p.289), whereas sender manipulation communication results in the sender using its signal to manipulate the receiver’s actions to benefit the sender, and is not really a form of cooperation, but more of a conflict of interest. Good answer. 2. Give an example of how "communication as manipulation" might fuel sexual conflict? An example could be of the male cricket singing to attract mates (Dawkins & Krebs, p.282). The singing of the male is a signal to manipulate the female cricket to travel a distance to him so he can avoid expending energy searching for females willing to mate with him. The female on the other hand, has to expend energy traveling to meet the male to copulate. Good. 3. Dawkins and Krebs think that deception is rare (p 303). Trivers thinks it is common. What is the theoretical basis for these different views? Dawkins and Krebs (p. 302) define deception as deliberate misleading whereas Trivers (2000) defines deception as an active misrepresentation of reality to the conscious mind. Dawkins and Krebs basis for deception is for animals only whereas Trivers paper takes in all the possibilities of human as well as animal behavior, including self-deception which is in the unconscious part of the mind. Dawkins and Krebs would define it as a rare event because deceit in their context happens always as the animal or organism in question is actively deceiving the receiver of the signal, whereas Trivers believes it is common because of the evolution of self deception which is in the unconscious mind of the person or animal and not necessarily under the active control of the person or animal. Dawkins and Krebs (p.303) assumed deceit to be rare so that on average, it would pay for the responder to act in accordance with the deceitful signal, and sometimes be able to differentiate a deceptive signal from a real one. 4. Define "self-deception". Be sure to say what the source of your definition is.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course EEB 187-2 taught by Professor Gowaty during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

Page1 / 5

Take Home Test Review - -Miles Meyer EEB 187-2 Take Home...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online