Ethical Theory Paper

Ethical Theory Paper - Ethical Theory Paper Sara Martinson...

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Ethical Theory Paper Sara Martinson You’re online waiting to make your next pick for your fantasy football team; it seems common sense to not choose Brett Favre to win the super bowl. Standing in the mall department store it seems common sense to buy the cute blue pumps over the black wedges. These same common sense tactics can be applied to morality as well. In Common Sense Deontology we make judgments and decisions on the basis of our intuitions. These intuitions, or what we can see as the most logical explanation for something, are what we use to determine the choices and decisions we make. For example, chopping off a guy’s legs just for the fun of it is wrong. Well yeah of course it is wrong, common sense tells us that. If you believe in the Common Sense Deontology you can be an absolutist or a non-absolutist. An absolutist views that rules have no exceptions. You can’t fudge the rules in order to do something you want to get done. A non- absolutist however, views that rules can be allowed to have exceptions; in the case that the consequences would be truly horrible otherwise. As humans who are required to make choices, we are given a set of moral principles. Nearly all of these principles are never actually written down; instead we act upon the common sense of life. We are given the opportunity to what is good and what is bad based on what we really feel. We should help those in need, harming someone is bad, we should keep the promises we make – these are all example of principles that just make sense to keep or follow. Our intuitions, which common sense is based off of, are thoughtful and reflective responses to situations. If we think these out ahead of time we can react quicker when the problem ever shows. When you have to choose who to save and you can’t save everyone, you should work to save the greatest number of people. This is true from a common sense view point. Would it not be best to save as many people as you can rather than just a few,
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given that you had to chose between either saving the one or saving a bunch and not able to save all. Common Sense Deontology acts on prerogatives and constraints to determine morally appropriate action. A prerogative, simply stated, is the idea that you are not required to bring about the best consequences. They allow us to act in certain ways that do not always maximize the good. In laymen’s terms, it is okay for you to do something that doesn’t bring about any good to anyone but yourself. The example that Julia provides in the book offers a good insight into understand this. A woman chooses to spend her Saturday at the museum learning about medieval paintings rather than answering phones at work. While what she is doing really isn’t brining
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course PHI 201 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Northwestern IA.

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Ethical Theory Paper - Ethical Theory Paper Sara Martinson...

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