Journal Reflections 4

Journal Reflections 4 - Journal Reflections #4 Sara...

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Journal Reflections #4 Sara Martinson April 18, 2011 Carol Gilligan, a psychologist, began the debate of the feminist ethics movement. Many feminist writers felt that earlier theorist used biased samples in gathering data as well as biased interpretations of the data. Feminist also criticized standard theories. They felt that the content of those theories failed to represent what is typical in a woman’s life. Carol strongly believes that morality’s content may be noticeable different if we took into consideration how serious women respond to moral issues. They began by attacking the Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics impartial moral system. Here they described that utilitarianism tends to ignore things such as family obligations that women have. These obligations to family would obviously outweigh obligations to complete strangers. Feminist not only defend the right of women but also the morality of the disabled, the vulnerable – young children and mentally impaired as contractarianism failed to take adequate responsibility of. In order to really fix this problem, feminist suggest that we create all new theories rather than just trying to rewrite parts of the old ones. This is where Carol came in, starting the approach, the Ethics of Care. I think in many ways feminist have a valid point. In all the moral theories we’ve talked about so far, the agent involved has to be a rational thinker. That covers a small portion of the population. What about those who aren’t able to always think rationally? And who is really going to be able to think rationally when they have to make a decision about killing one and letting five die? Hardly anyone will. We have to be able accommodate for those who are able to always comprehend situations, otherwise what good do ethical theories do for us. We must also be willing to admit at the time most ethical theories really started taking shape; women had less of a role in society. It comes as no surprise then that
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they were left out of the scheme of things including their role in the house and taking care of the family. I think Carol had good intentions to come up with a new theory that better represented everyone. April 19, 2011 Ethics of Care first began by Nel Nodding. She believed that a distinct moral attitude toward others included receptiveness to needs and desires to the point that they hardly focused on themselves. Recently however, Carol Gilligan has taken this idea and blown it up. Her research helped cement the theory into place. It was like a team, Nel founded the idea and Carol researched providing proof for the idea. Carol was able to prove that girls tended to think differently than boys about moral issues and problems. Gilligan was not the first to establish this though. Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg also found this but seemed to view the male perspective as the better idea, Carol of course disagreed. Jean Piaget recognized that young children only thought in an egocentric way and that the ability to think of others first begins to
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This note was uploaded on 09/24/2011 for the course PHI 201 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '10 term at Northwestern IA.

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Journal Reflections 4 - Journal Reflections #4 Sara...

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