polsc110_document_week09AssignmentPacket.docx - Week 09...

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Week 09 Assignment PacketComplete the Week 09 assignment packet according to the directions listed in I-Learn. Record your answers directly below each question. When you have finished your packet, save it and upload it to the W09 Worksheet: Presidents page on I-Learn.Part 1: Rhetoric of the Imperial Presidency1.What did each of the terms mean for those in the Bush Administration?Enhanced interrogation techniques:In late 2001 and early 2002, interrogation under torture at secret sites was still ad hoc, not yet organized as a bureaucratic program, nor sanctioned under Justice Department legal cover. Such techniques involved beatings, electric shocks, exposure to extreme cold, suspension from the ceiling by their arms, and waterboarding. All of which were supposedly sanctioned under a still-classified directive signed by President Bush.Unlawful combatant: Instead of just being an act of war, the attacks on 9/11 were considered to be war crimes, i.e. unlawful. As such, prisoners of war were now treated as political prisoners instead of prisoners of war. Since unlawful combatants are fighters who do not play by the accepted rules of war, they therefore do not qualify for the Geneva Convention’s protections for prisoners of war. This was used by the Bush administration extensively.Extraordinary Rendition:A secretive program devised as means of extraditing terrorism suspects from one foreign state to another for interrogation and prosecution. Critics contend that the unstated purpose of such renditions is to subject the suspects to aggressive methods of persuasion that are illegal in America—including torture. The Bush Administration, however, has argued that the threat posed by stateless terrorists whodraw no distinction between military and civilian targets is so dire that it requires tough new rules of engagement.Axis of Evil:The phrase was first used by U.S. President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address on January 29, 2002, and often repeated throughout his presidency, to describe foreign governments that, during his administration, sponsored terrorism and sought weapons of mass destruction. The notion of such an axis was used to pinpoint these common enemies of the United States and rally the American populace in support of the War on Terror.War on Terror:an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001. The naming of the campaign uses a metaphor of war to refer to a variety of actions that do notconstitute a specific war as traditionally defined. As far as the Bush administration was concerned, war on terror covered a multitude of sins and enemies, real or imagined. An elastic term, it was vague and indiscriminate enough to cover anyone the White House considered against the US. Mobile Weapons Laboratory:Bioreactors and other processing equipment to
manufacture and process biological weapons that can be moved from location to location either

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