A STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MALAYSIAN REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS FROM 2005-2010 BY USING NET

A STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MALAYSIAN REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS FROM 2005-2010 BY USING NET

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A STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MALAYSIAN REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS FROM 2005-2010 BY USING NET ASSET VALUE APPROACH Dr. Ong Tze San (Senior Lecturer) -- Faculty of Economics and Management, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Teh Boon Heng (Lecturer) –Faculty of Management, Multimedia University Malaysia, Chong Mei Pong—Graduate School of Management, Faculty of Economics and Management, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia Corresponding author: Tze San Ong, Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and Management, UPM. tzesan@econ.upm.edu.my ABSTRACT This paper is to understand the definition and the development of REIT in Malaysia and further examine performance of Malaysia REIT based on the Net Asset Value approach (NAV). This study also assesses the noise theory and explains why Malaysia REIT trade at NAV premium and NAV discount. Annual data series for annual closing price of the thirteen listed real estate investment trusts (ARREIT , AXREIT, TWREIT, AMFIRST, BSDREIT, AHP, AHP2, ALAQAR, HEKTAR, UOAREIT, QCAPITAL, ATRIUM and STAREIT) are obtained from the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange, also called Bursa Malaysia for the study period from 2005 to 2010. Information about total asset, total liabilities and number of shares outstanding are getting from the 13 MREIT’s respective annual financial report. The result showed that AHP2 has the lowest NAV value among the thirteen listed REIT in Malaysia and traded at NAV discount. This was compatible with the NAV discount in NAV approach. NAV discounts below the current stock prices are reflection of poor current and future prospects for firm earnings, mistakes in financing and operations decision. AXREIT is traded at NAV discount due to the irrational behaviour of investors in noise trader theory and not because it’s poor performance. Investors are overly optimistic about AXREIT according to noise theory. Overall, MREIT are traded at NAV premium. In conclusion, MREIT are generally much better companies in terms of disclosure, transparency, share liquidity, corporate democracy and depth of management. Overview/background of the study Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) are attracting global investor's attention more and more as their superior performance and advantages are recognized step by step nowadays. The performance of REIT is the vital factor when investors consider allocating capitals for the investment.REIT let investors invest in income producing real estate or a single purpose organization whose principal assets make up of real estates. Income from the properties can use by REIT to provide earnings to investors. The first Asian country to develop REIT is Malaysia. Malaysia develops REIT as a valuable indirect real estate investment vehicle in 1989. Asian countries like Japan, Singapore and Korea only now are beginning to establish REIT markets after the consequence of 1997 Asian financial crisis. The numbers of listed property companies have doubled in numbers on the Property Sector of the Kuala Lumpur
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A STUDY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MALAYSIAN REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUSTS FROM 2005-2010 BY USING NET

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