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Chapter 11_Motivation

Chapter 11_Motivation - Motivation Hopeisagoodthing...

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Motivation “Hope is a good thing - maybe the best thing. And good things never die.” Andy Duphrene The Shawshank Redemption
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Motivation is described as the conscious or unconscious stimulus, incentive, or motives for action toward a goal resulting from psychological or social factors, the factors giving the purpose or direction to behavior Unsatisfied need or want Satisfied need or want Drive
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What Is Motivation? Intrinsic motivation The desire to perform an act because it is satisfying or pleasurable in and of itself Sources on intrinsic motivation
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Extrinsic motivation The desire to perform an act to gain a reward or to avoid an undesirable consequence Incentive An external stimulus that motivates behavior Sources of extrinsic motivation
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Some views Drive Theories A motivation that pushes you to reach a goal Tension induced by need Food, water
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Drive-Reduction Theory
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We have a homeostatic temperature of 98.6 degrees Farenheight. If this temperature begins to waiver enough you have a number of possible autonomic responses: if temperature increases, you perspire. If temperature decreases, you shiver.
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Homeostasis People seek an optimal level of arousal that maximizes their performance.
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Incentive theory Incentive Theory People are motivated to behave in ways that produce a valued incentive Incentives work when we expect that we can gain the incentive and when we value the incentive
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: interaction of biological, psychological, and social needs; lower motives (physiological and safety) must be met before higher needs (belonging, self-esteem) Theories of Motivation
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Needs Safety Needs Belongingness Needs Esteem Needs Food, water, shelter Heat, air, base salary Safe work,fringe benefits, job security Recognition, high status, increased responsibilities Work groups, clients,coworkers, supervisors Opportunities for training, advancement, growth, and creativity
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