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psy410 wk1 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology

psy410 wk1 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology -...

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Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology 1 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology includes the research of psychologists concerning human emotion, cognition, and problematic behavior. The definition of abnormal behavior is that which is unac- ceptable in society, distressful, self-defeating, or resulting from thought and cognitive distor- tions. Many model approaches and perspectives are derivative of careful data collection in at- tempt to offer an explanatory option for the roots of abnormal behaviors. Origins of Abnormal Psychology The study of abnormalities within psychology is over a century old (Damour & Hansell, 2008). Historical theorists rationalize mental disorders through spiritual methods explaining that a spiritual realm affects a person’s biology, mentality, and environment. Doctors start gouging a hole into the skulls of people who appear to have mental afflictions to alleviate demons. This al- lows fear to penetrate society. Records show this in practice as early as 3000 B.C. in some areas of the world (Shieff, Smith & Wadley, 1997). Hippocrates is the first theorist to offer biological reasons for the cause of abnormalities in mentality. He offers that a variance in four bodily fluids (phlegm, blood, black bile and yellow bile) must synchronize to create normal psychological behavior. Mental illnesses will occur if a balance is not available. These findings show inaccurate information (Learner.org, 2010). Development and Science of Abnormal Psychology The first diagnosis and prescription of hysteria treatments, or a conversion disorder, is a development of ancient Greek studies. Hysteria often shows symptoms of paralysis, pain, and confusion with no prior damage to the neural system. Typically, females show signs of panic during episodes of hysteria. The Greeks assume that a uterus moves throughout the body block-
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