psy360wk1 Definition of Cognitive Psychology

psy360wk1 Definition of Cognitive Psychology - Cognitive...

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1 Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Psychological ideas based on cognition in humans when compared to other animals, cen- ter around two specific judgments: cognition creates images and memories that form actions in a human, and these creations are discoverable through research and observation. An idea such as this approaches psychology combining B. F. Skinner’s developments with the research of C. L. Hull. In the first case, there is no room for intermediary cognitive processes between stimulus and response, outside the realm of simple associative learning. In the second case, there is lack- ing an explicit scientific means by which to objectively observe the theoretical cognitive mech- anisms in question. However, E. C. Tolman was one of the first psychologists to suggest that in- termediary cognitive processes are deducible through the results of scientifically rigorous experi- mentation (Zentall, 2002). It is on this very basic proposition, that theoretical cognitive processes can be inferred by observing behavior, which most informs the developmental milestones in the formation of the cognitive perspective as a branch of psychology. Cognitive Psychology The development of the cognitive approach as a mainstream psychological perspective is marked by four major milestones: the shortfalls of the behaviorist perspective of psychology, the ability for abstract constructs to account for the aforementioned shortfalls, the bridging of ab- stract constructs with observable mechanisms through the medium of artificial intelligence with neuroscience and the realization that the representations and processes of cognition is compar- able to the internal functioning of a computer. The behaviorism of the early 20 th century could not account for many observable behaviors documented by psychologists of the time. For in- stance, the associative mechanism of stimulus-response (S-R) could not explain the generative
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psy360wk1 Definition of Cognitive Psychology - Cognitive...

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